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The stems of this particular rose is of a semi-woody type, characterized by many branches and thorns, making them suitable for the decoration of arches, arcades, walls, etc.
It is possible to distinguish climbing roses essentially in two categories: Climber and Rambler. The first, the Climbers, are definitely higher than the Ramblers, as they can even reach a height of 10 meters with their rigid stems; unlike Ramblers they need supports and supports to grow on, and they need pruning. The Ramblers are characterized by conspicuous flowering during the spring and in particular during the summer, they are large plants that produce small and abundant flowers, thus decorating and coloring your pergolas; unlike the Climbers they do not need any pruning and, in most cases, they only flower once a year.
However, the flowering period may vary depending on the category, going from autumn to spring, as well as the beginning of summer. These roses, with their serrated margins and quite dark green color, tend to develop or in a solitary way, as happens in the mountains for example, or small groups, but independently of this, the climbing roses they are all united by having many petals, whose color varies from category to category (they can be, blue, red, white, and other colors still). Their fruits are called "rose hips".
Exposure and terrain
The preferred climate from climbing roses It is the temperate one, but this does not exclude their ability to withstand and adapt to environments with high or low temperatures and, depending on the category, require exposure in shady or decidedly sunny areas. this depends above all on the pigments contained in their petals: light and pale colored roses, such as light yellow, delicate pink and white roses, need areas that are partly shaded; the climbing roses whereas they have dark pigments, such as orange, red, blue or other fairly marked colors, requiring greater exposure to sunlight. An exception is the Cocktail Climber rose, which, despite having a strong red hue, requires exposure to more or less shaded areas, as excessive exposure to sunlight could damage it.
Turning now to the type of soil, it should be remembered that climbing roses are plants that are simple enough to grow, not requiring any joint care. The most suitable soil for these roses is the calcareous, fertile, well-drained soil with a medium mixture. Furthermore, soils with a slight acidity are advisable. If, on the other hand, you own climbing roses that are grown in pots, a soil that is made of peat, clay is much more suitable.
How to take care of climbing roses
The first operation to be carried out is planting and to do this it is important to prepare the right soil, perhaps by making manure or organic fertilizer. If you have soils that are particularly rich in limestone, it is advisable to add sand and peat. Once the soil has been prepared, make a small hole that is about 50 cm deep, and deposit organic fertilizer on the bottom. Once this is done, it is possible to proceed with the planting: with a simple soil cover this fertilizer, so as to achieve a difference in height of about 6 cm and then restore the "balance" of the soil by adding more fertilizer.
Once this is done you need to go to the next step: add some water (essential for your plants), and let it be completely absorbed by the soil itself. Once the planting has been completed, it is necessary to add mature manure.
Attention: the period between October and April is the most suitable period for planting the plants. Also the type of watering plays a lot on the treatment of plants, and the most suitable one for climbing roses is the drip watering. This type of roses should be watered about once or twice a week, paying particular attention not to overdo it with water, otherwise fungi or mold may be formed that are harmful to roses.
Warning: it is preferable to water the plants early in the morning.
Fertilization and pruning
Equally important for the care of your climbing roses, is the fertilization, which should start already at the time of the formation of the first buds, absolutely not before and, subsequently, at each flowering. The most suitable fertilizer is the solid type, containing potassium and phosphorus. Only one or two grams should be added for every liter of soil. Finally there is pruning, another important practice to keep your climbing roses at their best, as it is able to favor the growth of new vegetation, eliminating damaged, weak or dry branches and adjusting their dimensions, among other things. To do this, it is essential to use clean and sharp tools, as well as gardening gloves to avoid even biting oneself, given the presence of the many pins on the stems. The best pruning period is between January and February.
Moreover, just like all plants, and in particular roses (very delicate), also the category of climbing roses can be subjected to the action of various diseases (such as rust, cancers, rot, downy mildew) and parasites (such as various types of beetles, mushrooms, aphids and cochineal).
How you can buy climbing roses
Today it is possible to find on the market a multitude of types of climbing roses available in many colors. An important tip to remember is to prefer roses in the nursery, absolutely wary of roses sold in supermarkets at very low prices.
Also, before buying your roses, find out about its properties, characteristics, climate and soil I prefer, cultivation techniques and all the other notions that are used to best keep that particular type of climbing roses.
There are different species, but among these, the most widespread are: Rambler Indigoletta, Rambler Metanoia, Rambler Bukala, Pillar Ponte Rosa, Pillar Libretto, Pillar Paul's Lemon, Climber Penny Lane, Climber New Dawn, Climber Santana and Climber Paul's Scarlet.