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Weeds in the garden
Often to eliminate weeds we resort to the use of chemicals but if we care about the environment in which we live, we should avoid using these compounds that highly pollute the environment and that harm small living beings that survive in their natural habitat .
Furthermore, the use of chemical substances is likely to end up in the subsoil and penetrate the aquifers. Some weeds they propagate by seeds so when we uproot them during the flowering that often takes place in summer, we do nothing but propagate other seeds in the soil that will prosper for many years. More weeds they propagate by cuttings of the root, which means that when we uproot them, it is enough to leave a small piece of root underground and the weeds will grow back more luxuriant than ever.
However, these useless herbs bother both the crops and the garden paths because they penetrate between the slabs, giving the green area an extremely unpleasant appearance. However, there are weeds that are not harmful, such as the dandelion and the cardoon, which have strong roots capable of aerating the soil, giving the neighboring crops all the nutrients that come from the deepest stages, reach the vegetables and feed them.
The most suitable solution, even if tiring, is to periodically weed the weeds in manual way and to use them for the composting and that is joining them to a composter together with other organic elements, to transform it in humus that will go to fertilize the garden.
How to get rid of weeds
We have said that the weeds that infest our garden must be eliminated in one way or another. It is usually used to perform this operation, of the herbicide which can be selective or total. The first does not affect any type of crop but acts only on grasses and shrubs. The second herbicide, on the other hand, is capable even of burning the plant including the roots.
These herbicides, however, are chemicals that, as we have seen, can reach groundwater and should therefore be avoided. Manually removing weeds is very tiring and does not solve the problem permanently, but if you do not want to ruin the environment further, you should do it. You can try to eliminate the weeds, after an abundant rain so that the ground is much softer and therefore it is easier to do this operation. Use a pickaxe and try to remove the roots too.
Put on a pair of gloves for manual weeding and grab the plant at the base avoiding to tear but pulling it gently, move it first to the right and then to the left so that the root comes off entirely.
If you have a vaporella, direct the jet of steam onto the plant and the root system of the latter will soften and the weeding operation will be easier. If you do not own any machine that emits steam, use a pot of boiling water that is thrown on the weeds, it should have the same functionality. In specialized stores for gardening, a tool is on sale rips grass. This is formed by a telescopic rod that at the end has a spoon-shaped contraption that slips into the soil and then swirls uprooting the plant with the whole root.
The market, however, proposes different types of grass tears, even very powerful ones that are capable of weeding out even weeds with strong and woody roots. It is advisable, after removing the weeds, to never dig the ground because there are dormant seeds, which could be awakened.
Remove weeds with natural methods
If you are a naturalist and you care about the environment, you can use natural methods that are prepared with motion elements that are often present in our kitchens. The salt for example, it is one of these and it is a powerful killer for weeds. You dig ditches right next to the weeds and wait for patients.
In a short time weeds will die and not grow back for a long time unless there is seed propagation from nearby weeds. Another method that is effective is to dissolve a small glass of dish soap, in a bucket with five liters of water. The liquid should be thrown directly on weeds. Also put in a spray of normal bleach and dispense the product on those herbs that creep between the slabs of the paths or coming out of the cracks in the walls.
In a short time the plants should dry, If by chance however, the bleach ends up on nearby plants that you have no intention of drying, immediately rinse them with fresh water. Another fairly effective method is the use of newspapers. Get yourself a large amount of newspaper sheets. Weed out the weeds first manually and then on the ground where they were born, place a layer of at least four sheets of newspaper. Plants without light or air should be exterminated.
You can also prepare a ecological herbicide which should be effective for removing weeds. Prepare five liters of warm water in a plastic bucket and pour a whole package of salt. With a stick, mix the water until the salt has dissolved completely. Pour a glass of white vinegar into the bucket and continue stirring until the mixture becomes homogeneous. According to some American researchers, vinegar has remarkable herbicidal properties both in greenhouses and in a vegetable garden. Pour the contents of the bucket into a watering can and sprinkle the weeds with rain. After a few weeks, the weeds should dry up and no longer grow back.
Eliminate weeds: Usefulness of some weeds
Many varieties of herbs that we consider pests have a usefulness ascertained by many agronomists. The spontaneous flora that we almost always want to eliminate, is the natural habitat of innumerable small animals useful to nature and crops. They represent the refuge of all those insects that feed on other similar ones, harmful to agriculture. In addition, this herb contributes to forming an ideal microclimate in the subsoil and brings nutrients to vegetables that are placed nearby.
It is therefore necessary to correctly manage the growth of weeds based on the actual damage that the weed brings to the surrounding plants. Therefore, all farmers should be properly informed of the actual harmfulness of weeds and climatic conditions favorable to their development.