Plants for terraces
For those who do not have a garden or a plot of land, but love nature, a terrace offers excellent opportunities for growing plants and flowers, thus creating a small and relaxing green corner in the chaos of the city.
It becomes essential to choose the most suitable varieties, in relation to the display of the terrace, the climate in which you find yourself and the size of the space, so as to have a comfortable, beautiful and refined environment.
Terraced plants are species suitable for cultivation in very restricted areas and in fact, on the outside, they are planted in pots. There are different types such as green leafy ones, with flowers, but also of shrubs, climbing species or herbaceous varieties.
The choice is very wide, generally the ideal varieties for the terrace are the evergreens and the perennials, easy to grow and require little care and do not require annual repotting. We need to take into account some factors, such as the exposure and the temperature of the terrace, the economic side and the time it takes for treatment. For those who have little space, an idea can come from vertical structures, which allow to optimize the space on the terrace walls that otherwise would not be exploited, the vertical garden makes it possible to have a garden on a terrace even if you do not have the space necessary for planting the plants on the ground, the plants to be inserted inside the wall must not have excessive cultivation requirements in order to have a healthy and easy to grow vertical garden. Usually the plants used are evergreen grasses, ivy, ferns, climbing plants, which adapt to any type of climate and terrace. Furthermore, these types of gardens have considerable advantages, such as reducing the energy consumption of the terrace and the building because they prevent overheating of the walls by lowering the temperature in the hot months.
Flowers for terraces
As for the flowers, the choices are limited, as the flowers need direct sunlight, but you can opt for some ornamental varieties with vivid colors and great charm such as the particular Colues for coloring the leaves ranging from a pea green to a bright red, or the Lancifolie and the Sieboldiana that give pendulous and funnel-shaped flowers in the colors of white, blue lilac and shades of violet.
If, on the other hand, the terrace is exposed to the south, it guarantees constant and warm sunshine, so choose varieties that are very resistant to sun and drought. The terrace plants more typically resistant to the sun are those typically Mediterranean like the Myrtle and the Lantana, evergreen species that in summer have a white bloom or the Hibiscus which for the whole summer period presents red or yellow flowers.
Other plants that adapt to the warm and sunny climate are the Solanum shrub with innumerable leaves that prefers direct sunlight and can stay outside even during the winter period, the typical succulent Echeveria that blooms during the summer. For ideal flower varieties are roses or geraniums, especially in the sagging version, or the Surfinie or tapien flowers that bloom several times a year. Ideal if you have a sunny terrace are the aromatic plants such as oregano, chives, basil, parsley and rocket, which in addition to being ornamental are fragrant and excellent for seasoning dishes.
The choice of plants
The choice therefore depends on various factors, such as the economic side, the time to be spent, the space, and the exposure.
If you have a low budget and little time, you should aim for flower varieties, small shrubs or succulent plants, the cost is ridiculously low and maintenance is minimal.
If you have a terrace facing North or West you need to choose varieties that are used to survive in the absence of light and heat, in fact this type of exposure guarantees shaded areas. To ensure the survival of the different tree species it is preferable to plant strong shrubs with a rough character, ideal also for creating hedges and natural barriers against the wind. Plants that find their natural habitat in the shade are the Lentaggine, the Alloro, the Bosso. Absolutely not recommended the use of conifers that tend to acquire a ragged appearance. It is preferable to opt for slow-growing plants such as the very fragrant Osmanthus fragrans and the Prunus lauricesasus. The best climbing species that prefer the shady areas are the Vinca major, the Hydrangea petiolaris, the Hedera heliz and the Ficus repens, which can also be used as hanging together with other plants to create elegant and suggestive compositions.
To keep the terrace in excellent condition and give it a good aesthetic effect it is advisable to take care of the color of the terrace, guaranteed both by the materials of the furnishings and by the structures, both by the flowers and by the foliage of the plants. The terrace has to match the colors of the interiors of the interior, and if the combinations are chosen with taste and precision they will give unique atmospheres.
The terraces are mostly lived in the evening, it is advisable to use the tones of white as the predominant color in the choice of plants to make the atmosphere fascinating and unique, since white is even brighter than moonlit nights.