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The climbing plants are excellent for ornamental purposes, in fact they adapt to any type of climate and environment, they grow rapidly and do not require special care, they are therefore ideal for those who love gardening and nature and do not have the time necessary to feed this passion .
How to grow them
As the name with which they are usually indicated, they are characterized by other plants for their natural tendency to grow vertically, climbing and leaning against walls, vertical structures, walls, railings and nearby plants. These species can become a real architectural element, because not only do they cover the walls but they can become dividing walls themselves, perhaps to separate the garden in front of the house from the street or to create small independent green spaces inside one's own garden or on the terrace , or even cover walls and other structures that are sometimes not very aesthetic. The features common to all climbing plants are their strong resistance against any type of atmospheric agent and against diseases, in fact these plants are rarely infected and infected by diseases.
Land and care
Creepers need well-drained soils rich in organic substances, they need abundant water especially during periods of drought. The soil that picks up the climbing plant does not need frequent fertilization, it is advisable to choose natural and balanced fertilizers containing phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen.
After planting the climber it is advisable to tie them to the chosen support, possibly not too tight otherwise the plant does not grow at that point, a good habit would be to put some cloth or sponge to protect the plant, it would be ideal to tie the climber to the support with an elastic band. so as to give the tree the chance to grow evenly. Pruning is fundamental for the good growth of plants. Pruning allows you to regulate the growth of the plant and allows us to give the shape we like, it also helps the growth of the side branches in order to thicken it and give strength to the roots. The shoots must be fixed maintaining the necessary distances between them, taking into account growth. It is very important to take into account the growth and growth of the climbing plant once it reaches its maximum maturity, it must be taken into account that the plant grows outside and its roots grow to be sturdy and wide, so they should never be planted near the housing or walls because it could damage the foundations.
Which varieties to choose
The choice of species must be consistent with the characteristics of the surrounding landscape. There are many types of plants and there are many characteristics of each plant. Advisable before buying a plant is to have adequate information on the size, on the place to plant it, and on preferences, this information can be found both in a store that deals with the sale or on books and specialized sites.
In nature there are different varieties, the most known are evergreens and flowering vines.
Evergreen creepers have the ability to remain green and vital even during the winter, and tolerate frost without problems, they are ideal for creating green and perennial corners, they can be planted either directly in the ground or in large pots. Among the most popular and common evergreens we find the ivy and jasmine very pleasing from the aesthetic point of view and also very fragrant and ornamental.
Ivy is one of the most widespread species in Italy and in the rest of the European continent, it can be found in most gardens and public parks. The ivy is characterized by thin and flexible stems that acquire a woody consistency after several years. Being one of the most resistant and proliferating plants in nature it easily adapts to any type of environment and place. The size and color vary according to the species, its natural habitat is in the garden, although there are species of ivy that easily adapt to the habitat of the apartment.
Jasmine is native to the Middle and Far East and South American areas, it has similar characteristics to those of ivy. Jasmine is a perennial shrub and can have various forms, such as a bush or long climbing branches. It has a green color meaning and the leaves are oval with a slightly elongated tip.
Climbers with flower
The flower climbers have the same characteristics as the evergreen creepers, the only and essential difference they produce enchanting and fragrant flowers, examples par excellence are the Passiflora, the Wisteria.
The Passiflora, besides being one of the most beautiful and fragrant plants of the climbing genus, also has a strong Christian symbol, in fact ancient legends tell that this plant climbs on the cross of Christ to give him relief, moreover its shape recalls the crown of thorns placed on the head of the Christ, the three stems represent the nails used for the crucifixion and the stamen the hammer used to introduce the nails.