The marjoram plant
Marjoram is a plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family and the scientific term that identifies it is Origanum Majorana. Native to central Asia and the north-eastern countries of the African continent, this plant grows luxuriant in the presence of a warm climate, but it adapts easily to different climatic environments. The stem reaches up to one meter in height, its leaves are very small, green and covered with a layer of down. Marjoram flowers are white tending to pink and have a very delicate fragrance.
In the common language of flowers, the marjoram plant is a symbol of goodness and comfort thanks to its many properties. The ancients considered marjoram the symbol of happiness. Its use dates back to the times of the Romans and Ancient Egypt. For the Egyptian people this plant was sacred and for this reason they offered it to their god Osiris. For the Greeks, marjoram was a precious herb given to them by Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty and sensuality.
Of the marjoram plant the leaves are used, both fresh and dried, and it is the only edible part. The dried marjoram leaves are kept in small glass containers, away from light and in a dry place.
The marjoram plant is essential in cooking to flavor and flavor dishes. Its aroma is very reminiscent of oregano and is now considered an irreplaceable spice. The culinary art sees the use of marjoram in the realization of many recipes, especially for meat-based dishes, for salads and savory pies.
Innumerable medicinal properties are attributed to the marjoram plant. Besides being rich in vitamin C, it has a remarkable calming and sedative power, helps fight insomnia and heal stomatitis; It is also considered a carminative plant that is able to decrease the formation of air in the stomach and intestinal gases. Marjoram is also an excellent adjuvant in the presence of phlegm and fat cough, thanks to its expectorant action. Another medicinal quality worth remembering is the bactericidal one.
Marjoram drinks are a great natural remedy for fighting headaches, toothache and all forms of neuralgia.
Marjoram oil or essence contains important active ingredients. Among these, mineral salts and rosmarinic acid, an acid that is almost always found in medicinal plants, rich in natural antioxidants, are present in considerable quantities.
The essence of the plant is obtained by distillation, with a steam system, of the leaves and the highest part of the flowering, which is harvested in the summer months.
Thanks to the high content of camphor, marjoram oil is used to combat rheumatic pains.
In perfumery the essence is often used to prepare soaps and detergents, taking advantage of the presence of terpineol, an oily and colorless substance that releases a pleasant scent of lilac.
The cosmetic industry also makes use of the many beneficial properties of marjoram. Many lotions and beauty creams have the soothing, stimulating and firming properties of this extraordinary medicinal plant.
Use of essential oil and aromatherapy
When you have difficulty falling asleep just pour 8/10 drops of essential oil of marjoram in the tub to enjoy a relaxing bath that induces sleep. An excellent remedy against insomnia is to dilute 5/6 drops of oil in a lime and passiflora herbal tea.
To quell the cough, the fumigations prepared with the addition of 4/5 drops of essential marjoram oil are very effective. It is also a panacea for colds because it helps to clear the stuffy nose.
Marjoram essence is also used together with other essential oils.
Mixing 10/12 drops of marjoram oil with half a glass of almond oil, a balsamic substance is obtained which is useful for massages on the aching back.
Dissolving a dozen drops in a liter of hot water creates a valid lavender, particularly suitable for women who have a painful menstrual cycle.
Aromatherapy also uses multiple product emulsions to combat very common ailments. Mixing a couple of drops of essential oil of marjoram in a cup of water and apple vinegar provides an optimal solution for gargling against a sore throat and gingivitis.
The sale and the prices
In herbal stores there are various products based on Origanum majorana. The prices are quite high: a small bottle of essential oil of marjoram of only 10 ml costs about 10 euros. The dried marjoram leaves, essential for the preparation of infusions and herbal teas, have a more accessible cost. For a bag of 100 grams of product you spend about 5 euros. To prepare a cup of infusion just a spoonful of dried plant.
Having available fresh marjoram leaves you can prepare a home-made herbal tea, even more economical. 10 grams of leaves, half a liter of water and a sweetener are enough. The process is simple: the water is boiled, poured into the appropriate pot containing the plant, covered for about ten minutes, filtered and poured into the cup. The marjoram herbal tea should be sipped in complete relaxation, better if sweetened with a teaspoon of honey.