The dream of every summer resident and gardener is to grow a high yield of potatoes. That is why the main task of the gardener is the high-yielding potato cultivation. How to do it? What varieties of potatoes are best to choose? How to grow potatoes in different ways? Answers in this article.
Secrets and rules of growing high-yielding potatoes
- The right choice of potato variety with high quality tubers. Repeated use of small planting material can lead to the fact that there will be no harvest at all.
- Understanding and control of the process of emergence of new potato tubers.
- Fertilizer selection. The most common fertilizers for potatoes are manure, wood ash, potassium superphosphate, humus.
- The same piece of land for growing potatoes can be used for no more than five years in a row. In order to clear the soil of pathogens, winter rye should be planted on the site in the fall.
- Use early varieties to double crop potatoes.
Technology for growing high-yielding potatoes
It is best to prepare the soil in the fall, immediately after harvesting the previous crop. This is done as follows: with the help of ropes or pegs, markings are made on the site. To do this, leave 40 cm from the edge of the site, then dig a ditch (the width of the ditch is 25-30 cm, the depth is 40-45 cm).
After 50-60 cm, another ditch is made and this is done until the end of the site. The earth dug between the trenches is laid in mounds. The location of the trenches must necessarily be from north to south. In autumn, plant residues, weeds, and kitchen waste can be put in the trenches. All this is covered with a layer of fallen leaves in late autumn. It is impossible to tamp and compact the plant masses.
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A month and a half before planting potatoes, tubers must be germinated and poor-quality discarded. Potatoes are planted in the ground in early spring. Ash, superphosphate and manure are poured into the prepared trenches.
Only manure and one fertilizer of your choice can be used. Then potato tubers are planted at a depth of 7-8 cm and covered with earth. As soon as the potato stalks have reached 10-15 cm in length, it must be earthed, that is, covered with soil from above.
The hilling process is repeated several times. It depends on the degree of growth of the stems. Throughout this time, the potatoes should be watered. Depending on the climate and weather conditions, watering may be more frequent or, on the contrary, infrequent. The absence of weeds affects obtaining a high yield, so they will have to be constantly fought with. You should also fertilize the potatoes.
A month before harvesting, the irrigation and fertilization procedure is stopped, and hilling and loosening continue in the same mode. Potatoes are harvested in early autumn.
The methods of growing potatoes are standard (planting tubers in open ground) and non-standard (planting in a barrel, planting under a black film, planting in a bag, planting in straw, etc. Consider one of these non-standard methods.
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Growing potatoes under straw
This method is more than a hundred years old. He likes it very much and suits those people who are very busy and have little time left for the garden. It is also good for use in regions with hot, arid climates during the summer. Straw here acts as a protector against high air temperatures, and also contributes to the production of the necessary moisture for the plant.
How to grow potatoes under straw? A compacted bed is prepared, on which the potato tubers are spread. In this case, they should be slightly pressed into the ground. Then the tubers are covered with a layer of straw, the thickness of which should be 10-20 cm. In order to avoid weeds in the future, the straw layer can be increased to 25 cm and covered with an opaque film.
After the shoots have sprouted to the film, cuts are made in it. You can also not cover with foil.
In this case, in the fall, when the trunks of the potatoes begin to dry out, you should remove the layer of straw and harvest the potatoes directly from the surface of the earth.
According to people who have already used this method of growing potatoes, the yield is higher than with traditional planting.