In our country, gooseberries have been known as a cultivated plant for a long time. Since about the 14th century. And this is not surprising.
After all, this is an unpretentious plant, and if it is properly looked after, then it gives large yields of berries.
And gooseberry berries contain as much ascorbic acid, which is not found in any other product. It is a good diuretic and choleretic agent.
Popular gooseberry varieties
Gooseberry varieties are divided by origin into 3 groups:
- Western European;
Distinctive features of the Western European group of gooseberries are medium-sized bushes, on which large fruits grow. The taste qualities of the fruits of such gooseberries are exceptional.
This group includes the popular varieties Varshavskiy, Zeleny Bottledovy and Industriya. But gooseberries of this group are weak to fungal diseases, and are often affected by them.
The gooseberry of the American group is distinguished by a vigorous bush with slightly thorny thin arcuate shoots. The berries are small in size, and their taste is mediocre. But it is very resistant to disease. This group includes the varieties Curry, Houghton, Purmen.
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Russian varieties are formed by crossing American and Western European gooseberry varieties. Such varieties have an increased spherotek-resistance, and are distinguished by high yields. The berries are very tasty.
Before you start planting gooseberries, you should know that this plant is very fond of light, which means that it is not planted in the shade. He tolerates drought easily, but gooseberries treat dampness very badly. Low damp areas and heavy clay soils are not suitable for him.
In such areas, the gooseberry very quickly infects the fungus, and it practically does not yield a harvest. And if it does, then the berry is very small and not tasty.
Gooseberries can be planted in autumn or spring. The ideal period is from late September to mid-October.
Then young plants will have time to start by late autumn. But in the case of planting in the spring, the survival rate of gooseberry shoots is much worse.
Before directly planting gooseberries in the ground, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the area of weeds. Because weeding gooseberries is very inconvenient. Because it is prickly. In early autumn, it is necessary to dig up the site for planting, carefully choosing the roots of the weeds.
Two weeks before disembarkation, it is necessary to prepare pits so that the soil settles. Pits are dug square in shape and 50 x 50 in size. The depth is also 50 cm. When digging, the top fertile layer is folded separately from the infertile one. Then humus, 50 grams of double superphosphate, as well as 40 grams of potassium sulfate are added to the fertile layer.
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For planting, two-year-old seedlings with a well-developed root system are used. The aboveground part of the seedling should have several shoots.
The damaged roots and branches are removed from the seedlings, and lowered into the hole to such a depth that the root collar drops 5 cm below the soil level. The seedling is covered with soil, gradually compaction. After the hole is filled, the plant is watered.
Proper care of gooseberries
The care for gooseberries is exactly the same as for any other plant: watering, feeding, pruning, loosening, weeding, pest and disease control. In early spring.
Are you trimming? like landing? either late autumn or early spring. If the cut has a thickness of more than 1 cm, then it is processed with a pitch.
In early April, as part of the fight against diseases and pests, gooseberry bushes are poured over the snow through a watering can with boiling water. In May, the soil is loosened under the bushes and, if necessary, top dressing is carried out.
Gooseberry bush bears fruit for 10-15 years. This is a very long time. And it draws out a lot of nutrients from the soil. Therefore, every year a mixture of organic and mineral fertilizers should be added to the soil.
The composition of the fertilizer is as follows:
- half a bucket of compost;
- 50 grams of superphosphate;
- 25 grams of potassium sulfate;
- 25 grams of ammonium sulfite.
If the bush bore fruit abundantly, then the rate increases by 2 times.
In dry, hot weather, it is necessary to ensure that the ground under the bushes is moist. Water the gooseberries only at the root! If you use the sprinkling method, then the bush will start to hurt.
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As you remember, gooseberries are thorny plants. Therefore, it must be planted immediately so as not to transplant. But if this happened, then, first of all, the bush must be cut off.
Leaving the 7 strongest branches that should be shortened. Then you need to prepare a hole for a bush and start digging it in the old place.
You should step back from the bush by at least 35 centimeters. Having cut the roots, the bush is taken out of the ground and transferred to a new place. Everything else is the same as on the first landing.