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Gloxinia attracts experienced flower growers and indoor plant lovers with its large velvet flowers and beautiful leaves.
She is able to create a bright accent in the general interior, and thanks to the variety of shades, a real flower garden is obtained on the windowsill.
Caring for this flower is very simple, the main thing is to adhere to some planting and growing rules.
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A feature of gloxinia is that it has a rest period. Therefore, at its end, and this is the end of February or the beginning of March, the plant need to transplant.
The signal that the time has come for this process is the sprouts that appear on the tubers of the flower.
In this case, you need to ensure that the sprouts do not stretch out, which can negatively affect the further development of gloxinia.
They need proper preparation during transplantation, which consists in the following actions:
- before transplanting gloxinia, the plant should be removed from the pot in which it was located, cut off the dry dead roots, leaving the largest ones. Each of the tubers must be thoroughly rinsed in warm water. It is good if it is flowing. This method is also used for transplanting gloxinia tubers purchased in a flower shop or in the market in order to provide a permanent place;
- as soon as the washing of the tubers is completed, check that they are not damaged by rot and if they are not damaged in any way. If such areas are found, they must be removed with a sharp knife until a healthy part appears, and the place of the cut should be sprinkled with charcoal, which is previously crushed into powder. It is recommended to wrap soft and shriveled tubers with a damp cloth. In literally two days they will take their normal form;
- the next step is the prevention of pests and diseases. To do this, use fungicides and special dressing agents, which can be purchased in specialized stores;
- planting gloxinia should be carried out in light and acidic soil. Ideally, it will be a peat mixture. Particular attention should be paid to the pot. Its diameter should not be much larger than the tuber, otherwise the flower will throw all its strength on the growth of the root system, which will affect the quality of flowering;
- the guarantee of good growth and flowering of gloxinia is the correct planting of its tubers. A drainage layer must be laid on the bottom of the pot. Styrofoam or expanded clay is suitable as it. Then the soil is poured, in which a small hole is made, where the tuber is placed. The soil is poured from above. In this case, you need to ensure that the tuber is covered by no more than two-thirds of its height.
The best tubers are those that are elastic, do not have any damage, several sprouts have formed on them.
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Any plant needs competent and proper care. Only under such conditions will it develop normally, it will not be overcome by various diseases and pests.
For gloxinia, it is very important watering process... This is best done in the pan of the flowerpot, using well-settled water.
This method provides uniform wetting of the substrate. In this case, you need to ensure that its temperature is room temperature.
A few days after the gloxinia was transplanted, you need to feed the plant.
It is advisable to repeat this procedure once every fourteen days after the flower has been watered.
Ideally, fertilize in the evening. If you follow such a simple rule, the leaves of gloxinia will be healthy, juicy green, and the flowers will delight you with their brightness and saturation of shades.
Indoor lightingwhere the flower is located has a big impact on the quality of flowering. To ensure the abundant appearance of peduncles, the light must be bright and diffused.
A lot of space is preferable for this flower, so if there are plants shading gloxinia, they must be rearranged to another place.
Gloxinia demanding on air temperature... The most intense flowering is observed in the range from +20 to +28 degrees.
With improper care of gloxinia, certain consequences will arise that the florist cannot but pay attention to:
- the absence of buds for a long time, or the flowering of gloxinia is very scarce;
- if the plant does not have enough light, its stems begin to stretch sharply and lose their decorative effect;
- when blooming, the petals are covered with spots of a pale shade.
Gloxinia care also consists in the prevention of disease lesions or their timely elimination. Unfortunately, most often the plant suffers from gray rot and powdery mildew.
In most cases, this happens if there is high humidity in the room or the florist has sprayed the leaves of the flower with water.
If the leaf turns yellow, you need to reduce the amount of fertilizing and make sure that the plant is not exposed to direct sunlight. After the cause is eliminated, gloxinia will quickly recover, and will delight the owner with its flowering.
In September, gloxinia is prepared for storage in winter... For this, watering is reduced, and after a while it stops completely. You also need to stop feeding.
Leaves that have turned yellow or wilted need to be cut off, dried tubers and placed in the refrigerator in the vegetable storage compartment.
In order for the tuber to be well preserved, the optimum temperature is +14 - 17 degrees. At a lower rate, there is a risk of plant death.
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At home, it is customary to grow gloxinia in various ways.
For its reproduction, leaves, cuttings, peduncles and division of tubers are used.
The simplest option that even beginners can handle is using leaves.
For this cut off the youngest, during the period of flower budding, which then need to be stuck into the prepared soil.
This method is attractive in that growers can exchange interesting, rare varieties of gloxinia, while the plant is not harmed.
Large leaves are also suitable. It is recommended to cut the existing veins before planting with a sharp knife. Old tubers are simply cut into pieces and planted in flower pots in the same way as used for transplanting the plant.
With fairly simple rules of care, flower growers will be able to fully enjoy the variety of gloxinia flowering. Plus, it must be timely and so.
This is the only way at home you can achieve that the buds will have the same appearance as in the photographs.