Due to its excellent taste and aroma, as well as its incredibly useful properties, cherry firmly occupies one of the leading places among the famous berries.
Sun-dried cherries are very popular among culinary specialists. after the processing process retains both its tasteand vitamin-rich composition. Read on to learn how to dry cherries at home.
Dried cherries are special treatment according to the type of drying... However, there are some differences between these two ways of storing, about how to store further:
- drying occurs in the absence (or minimal participation) of heat;
- in the process of drying there is a slow incomplete drying, which allows you to keep the berry soft and elastic.
When dried cherry retains almost all of its nutrients, and the berry is incredibly rich in them. So, dried berries contain:
- micro and macro elements - potassium, sodium, cobalt, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, copper;
- vitamins - PP, C, A, E, B1, B2, B9, folic acid;
- tannins, nitrogenous substances.
- in addition, when dried, anthocyanins and bioflavonoids are preserved - pigment substances that give the cherry color. These compounds have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties..
- Melatonin is a natural nerve-calming substance that has a beneficial effect on brain neurons.
- lutein, beta-carotene and Zea-xanthine, which are also preserved in cherries after processing, are involved in protecting the body from free radicals, stop the aging process of cells, reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular pathologies.
Regular consumption of cherries during their ripening season, as well as dried cherries in the autumn-winter period, helps to reduce the risk of developing cancer.
Cherries are used to prevent strokes, the formation of cholesterol plaques, blood clots, anemia. Due to the content of folic acid in the berry, it is recommended for women during pregnancy and with heavy menstrual bleeding.
100 g of the product contains:
- proteins: 1.5 g;
- fat: 0 g;
- carbohydrates: 73 g.
- calorie content: 293 kcal.
For, to dry cherries at home, the berries must be prepared in advance:
- sort out, eliminate spoiled and rotten cherries;
- rinse the cherries with cold running water (you can wash it in a bowl, only in this case the water must be changed several times);
- separate the berries from the stalk, seeds (you can use a special mechanism, or you can use a pin or hairpin);
- place the peeled cherries in an enamel bowl and sprinkle with granulated sugar (for 2 kg of pitted cherries 800-1000 g of sugar).
Berry prepared and sprinkled with sugar can be dried in several ways, the preparation process for which is the same.
Dried cherries at home, see the photo below.
Method number 1
- After, like the cherry was sprinkled with granulated sugar it must be left for a day at a temperature of 20-25 degrees to release fluid.
- The resulting juice must be drained by discarding the cherries in a colander.
- Prepare sugar syrup, taking (based on 2 kg of pitted berries) 700 ml of water and 600 g of sugar. Place cherries in boiling syrup and boil for 5-7 minutes.
- Throw the boiled cherries back onto a sieve to remove excess liquid.
- Cool at room temperature and place on a flat surface (for example, a baking sheet) in one layer, then remove to a dark, dry place.
- After 2-3 days, each cherry berry must be turned over and left for another 7-10 days.
Method number 2
In this case, sugar-dusted cherries to extract juice leave at a temperature of 4-5 degrees for 3 days.
The further process is identical to the first method.
Method number 3
The fastest and most popular way to dry cherries at home is oven-dried. After traditional preparation of fruits, instead of a 2-week process in air, a 3-hour manipulation is performed in the kitchen.
- So, the product boiled in syrup must be laid out on a baking sheet in one layer and placed in a gas (or electric) oven preheated to 80 degrees for 30-32 minutes.
- After the cherry has cooled, it must be carefully turned over and placed back for another 30 minutes.
- Further, similar manipulations are carried out another 1-2 times, but already at a temperature of 65-70 degrees.
Do not exceed the temperature and time, since the cherry can turn out to be very dry.
Modern housewives use such a device for drying.like an electric dryer. The process, as in the case of the oven, takes relatively little time, with one positive difference: there is no need to take out, cool and turn the berries.
The device does everything by itself. Having laid out the cherries on the trays of an electric dryer, and choosing the optimal temperature (each model has its own conditions, so it is better to refer to the instructions of the device), after 10-12 hours you will be able to taste the excellent taste of the product.
The dried cherry flavor itself is very good, but it can be improved. For example, cinnamon lovers will appreciate the following cooking option:
- pitted cherries - 1000 g;
- sugar - 450 g;
- juice of 1 orange;
- cinnamon - 2 tsp
The method of preparation and drying itself does not differ from the standard process. However, at the stage of pouring sugar over the berries, in the latter it is necessary add ground cinnamon and sprinkle with orange juice over the cherries. After going through all the drying stages, the cherry acquires a spicy cinnamon aroma.
Instead of cinnamon, you can use ground nutmeg, or other spices to your liking.
Storage of the finished product is carried out in a tightly closed glass container in a dark room with a relative humidity of 60-70%, the temperature should not go beyond 12-18 degrees.
You can also save berries for a long time (more than 1 year)by placing them in a paper bag and then in a polyethylene bag.
So, in order to provide yourself with natural vitamins and minerals for the whole year, you just need to spend some time and effort on the preparation of dried cherries.
Yes, the process is not quick and rather troublesome, but the effort invested will pay off with interest.