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Gloxinia is a beautiful plant with bright, large bell-shaped flowers that came to us from Brazil. Despite this, it is considered a very unpretentious plant to care for. The variety of gloxinia species is easy to grow and propagate even for an inexperienced grower.
However, there are a number of rules that must be followed, especially when it comes to transplanting. Let's consider everything in order in our article. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.
When is a transplant required?
Gloxinia is transplanted regularly, since after a year's growth, the old soil is depleted and becomes unsuitable for further growth. Cases when it is recommended to transplant gloxinia:
- When the plant woke up, and small shoots began to appear on its tubers.
- After buying small sprouts in an unsuitable pot or dish for life, they need to be transplanted.
- When tubers were purchased that were not planted in the soil.
- When the plant has been damaged by spider mites, mealybugs and other soil pests.
- When a plant develops fungal diseases.
Can a flowering plant be planted?
Can a flowering plant be transplanted? It is not recommended to transplant gloxinia during flowering. It will lose all its flowers and buds, and tubers may die due to untimely interference in the development and nutrition of the entire plant. However, in cases where the plant can only be saved by emergency soil replacement, the transplant of flowering gloxinia is allowed. To do this, you need to cut off all available flowers and buds, as well as stems with foliage located above the first pair of leaves.
Transplanting is a huge stress for the plant... Transplanting flowering gloxinia can lead not only to the loss of flowers, but also the death of the entire plant. Therefore, it is not worth the risk.
When is the best time to carry out the procedure?
When exactly can a house plant be transplanted after flowering? It is best to replant gloxinia in February or March, when the tubers begin to wake up. The kidneys are a signal that they have begun to wake up. If the plant was dormant in its own pot, then the first signal that it needs to be transplanted is the appearance of the top. If the gloxinia has just faded, and it needs to be transplanted, then you need to either wait for the leaves to wither, or carefully cut them off with a sterile blade.
Preparation: soil and pot
Gloxinia must always be transplanted into a fresh substrate. It must be sterile, moisture and air permeable, and nutritious. For this, either a ready-made soil composition is suitable, or a self-selected one.
As a ready-made substrate, you can take a composition for violets and begoniasas they are related plants. Expanded clay or pebbles can be used as drainage.
To prepare the soil yourself, you need to take:
- One piece of leafy land.
- One part of the peat.
- Half of one piece of sand.
The second option for the composition of the soil:
- Four pieces of leafy land.
- Two pieces of turf land.
- Two pieces of humus.
- One piece of sand.
The acidity of the soil should not exceed 7 pH, otherwise gloxinia will grow slowly, and buds will not form well on it. In the case when the soil was made independently, it must be disinfected by thorough steaming or a solution of potassium permanganate.
Advice: You can also use the ready-made preparation "Maxim", strictly following the attached instructions. Otherwise, there is a risk of infecting the plant through the soil.
The gloxinia pot should be shallow and wide... When choosing a pot, you must take into account the size of the tuber itself:
- If the tuber is small, no more than 2 centimeters in diameter, then 100-gram plastic cups are perfect.
- If the tuber is 2 to 4 centimeters in diameter, then you need to choose a pot with a diameter of up to 9 centimeters.
- If the diameter of the tuber is more than 4-5 centimeters, then the diameter of the pot must exceed the size of the tuber by at least 4 centimeters.
It should also be borne in mind that gloxinia will bloom faster in a cramped pot.
Step-by-step instructions on how to properly carry out the process at home
How is it correct to transplant a flower at home from one pot to another? To transplant gloxinia into a new pot, you must:
- Remove the tuber from a container with sand or from an old pot, carefully peel it of old and rotten roots.
- Rinse the tuber with water, cut off all rotten areas with a sterile knife and sprinkle with crushed coal. If there were too many rotten areas on the tuber, then for further prevention, you can soak it in a solution of phytosporin or foundationol for 30 minutes. You can also use a solution of potassium permanganate. After this procedure, it will be necessary to leave the tuber for a day to dry.
- The pot must be rinsed and dried. Fill the bottom with drainage a quarter, and then fill the pot with soil.
- Make a depression in the soil 2/3 of the height of the tuber itself, then place it there, slightly moisten the ground and cover with foil. Gloxinia has leaves earlier than roots. Therefore, until the stems are formed, the flower must be watered with caution, trying not to wet the emerging rosette of leaves. As soon as the stems are formed, the tuber is sprinkled with a centimeter layer of soil.
Do not plant tubers upside down... In order not to be mistaken, it is enough to remember: the lower part of the tuber is round and smooth, and the upper part has a small depression.
We recommend watching a video about gloxinia transplant:
How to grow?
Gloxinia can be propagated in several ways.
From the leaves
- Select young leaves during the budding period of the flower, the length of the cutting should be from 3 to 4 cm. Then place the cutting in a glass of boiled water. As soon as roots appear, gloxinia can be planted.
- For a transplant, you need to take a plastic cup, fill it with soil. From above it is necessary to put a cellophane bag on the glass.
- After new leaves are formed, it is necessary to remove the bag and carefully remove the old leaf.
There is also a second way to reproduce gloxinia with a leaf.:
- Select young leaves as in the first method.
- Prepare the soil. You can buy a ready-made mixture at the store or make your own. It is recommended to add vermiculite to the purchased soil.
- Before planting, the stalk can be treated with a root stimulator.
- A plastic cup or small ceramic pot is suitable for planting utensils.
- Fill the container with soil, not forgetting about drainage, and plant the cutting at an angle to a depth of 1.5 cm. Do not compact the soil around the cutting, as the plant needs to breathe.
- Cover the container with a plastic bag or glass jar.
- Place the container in a warm place, the temperature of which is in the range of 22 to 24 degrees.
- After the formation of leaves, remove the bag or jar.
If you are interested in this method of plant propagation, we suggest that you read a separate article in which you will find instructions and tips for propagating gloxinia with a leaf.
We recommend watching a video about the propagation of gloxinia by leaf cuttings:
- Sowing is best done in winter. The seeds can be purchased at the store or harvested from your plant yourself.
- Pick up the soil in the same way as described in the second method.
- Take a wide container, such as a container, and fill it with soil.
- Mix the seeds with sand and spread evenly over the soil surface. It is not necessary to cover with earth.
- Gently spray the surface with a spray bottle and cover with a bag.
- Move the container to a warm room. After 2 leaves appear, you can plant them.
- Choose plastic cups for seating. Fill them with soil, make a small hole in it, and carefully plant them.
More information about growing gloxinia from seeds can be found in this resource.
We recommend watching a video about the reproduction of gloxinia using seeds:
By dividing the tuber
Dividing a tuber is the easiest way to propagate a plant... This requires:
- Choose a tuber with a diameter of more than 6 cm, clean it from rot and roots, wait until sprouts appear on it.
- Take a sharp knife, disinfect it, and cut it in such a way that each part has at least one sprout and one bud.
- Sprinkle the slices with crushed coal and dry.
- Plant in pots with prepared soil and drainage.
More nuances about planting tubers and gloxinia seeds can be found here.
We recommend watching a video about the reproduction of gloxinia by the tuber division method:
We talked about another method of reproduction of gloxinia - the apical cuttings - in a separate article.
In order for the plant to recover and bloom after transplantation as soon as possible, it is necessary to properly care for gloxinia:
- Provide the plant with moderate watering after transplanting. It is necessary to distribute water throughout the pot.
- Observe the temperature regime: the optimal will be 22-24 degrees, the maximum - 28 degrees, the minimum - 18 degrees.
- Provide the plant with enough light. The light should be diffused, otherwise burns will appear on the leaves. Daylight hours are 10-14 hours.
Gloxinia transplant is not a complicated process, but it requires compliance with a number of rules... If you transplant after a dormant period, use suitable soil and dishes and follow the rules of care, then soon the plant will delight you with its beautiful flowers.