The ultimate goal of any home plant care is to maximize its decorative effect. Begonia is amazingly beautiful during its flowering period. To make it long-lasting and abundant, you need to create conditions for the plant to develop healthy. In this article, we will tell you about how to care for begonias at home: how begonias are planted, what are the conditions for caring for begonias, how begonia reproduces at home, and we will give you a lot of important and interesting information about these beautiful plants.
Microclimate and soil
The optimum temperature for the life and development of begonia in summer is 21-23 degrees, in winter 15-18 (we wrote here about how to keep begonia at home in winter). You should not allow a sharp change in the regime, the transition from warm to cold should be gradual, otherwise the flower may die. Also, the plant reacts extremely negatively to drafts.
Begonia prefers a lot of light, especially during the flowering period. The appearance and growth rate depends on this. At the same time, the plant should be protected from direct sunlight in order to avoid burns.
To accommodate non-flowering begonias, you can choose shaded places. These views are less demanding on lighting and it is quite acceptable to keep them on the east or west side of the apartment.
The beautiful begonia came to us from tropical forests, so the flower needs constant high humidity without drops, but direct contact of moisture with foliage in the form of spraying is undesirable, as this leads to the appearance of dark spots. The best solution would be to put the pot in a pallet with wet expanded clay.
The humidity of the air for the flower is more important than the humidity of the earth.
Begonia will feel best in a ceramic pot. For a young plant, the pot size should not be large, this can lead to decay. For sprouts, you should opt for containers with a diameter of 5-6 cm, and after the development of the root system, increase the diameter. It is important that there are drainage holes at the bottom of the pot for the outflow of excess water (read how to choose a pot and plant begonia in it).
For good growth and healthy development of begonias, it is necessary to select the correct soil composition. It should include leafy soil, high moor peat, sand and humus or black soil.
Leafy soil should not contain tannins, so raw materials from willow or oak will not work.
For the comfort of the root system, the soil should be loose structure, fertile, slightly sour. Drainage from expanded clay is laid at the bottom of the tank, and charcoal is recommended to be poured in the next layer to prevent root decay.
You can not prepare the soil for begonia yourself, but purchase it in a specialized store. For optimization, you can add a little sand to it - it will increase the looseness of the soil, which is so necessary for begonias.
The success of begonia care methods can be judged by whether the plant responds to the measures taken by flowering or not. If all the rules are followed, but there are still no buds, this is not a reason to be upset.
How to properly grow, water and care for begonia so that it blooms, read our material.
Potted begonia may just be too young to start flowering.... It's easy to check: ovaries appear when five or six rings can be counted on the stem. If the plant has fewer of them, you just need to wait until it grows up.
Begonia can be grown not only at home. We wrote about the secrets of successfully growing garden begonias in the open field in here.
How to properly care for?
- In the summer, begonias need regular, abundant watering. In this case, do not allow the accumulation of water in the pan. It is best to irrigate with settled water when the earth dries out by about 1-1.5 cm.
- In the fall, the intervals between waterings are gradually increased.
- If the room is cool in winter, watering should be significantly reduced. For tuberous representatives of begonias, winter is a dormant period.Such species are placed in peat for the winter and watering is completely stopped.
Top dressing of begonias is carried out from the first days of flowering, with a frequency of once every two weeks. It is optimal to use weak complex formulations for this. Top dressing is continued until the plant fades. Complex fertilizer is applicable only for decorative flowering species. If you need to feed decorative leafy begonias, preference should be given to nitrogen fertilizer, which will best stimulate the growth of leaves.
How to care for begonia at home after purchase, we told here.
We offer you to watch a video about the correct feeding of begonia:
- Vascular bacteriosis - Begonia leaves begin to dry at the edges. The same symptoms can be observed if the irrigation regime is not followed.
- Dropping leaves and buds - this problem may be the result of too dry air or overdried earthy coma.
- Powdery mildew - appears as a white bloom on begonia leaves. The combination of high temperature and dry indoor air stimulates the development of the disease.
- Gray rot - looks like gray spots on the leaves. Arises from excessive watering.
- Twisted leaves - a symptom with which begonia reacts to a lack of moisture and dry air.
- Pallor of leaf plates observed in a plant in case of a lack of light.
- Buds and flowers darken and fall in case there was direct contact with water, or excessive watering was carried out.
We offer you to watch a video about begonia diseases:
- Shield - reveals its presence by the fact that the leaves become shiny and sticky.
- Spider mite - with its appearance on the back of the begonia leaves, you can see a thin cobweb, the leaves turn yellow and dry out. Lack of nutrients contributes to the appearance of the pest.
We offer you to watch a video about begonia pests and how to deal with them:
Home care for a variety with reddish leaves
This type of begonia is not picky about care.
It is important to carry out regular watering, timely transplantation and feeding of begonias. The red-leaved begonia does not have a pronounced rest period. In winter, the plant simply slows down its growth, and watering and feeding for it is reduced.
Distinctive features of care in comparison with other types of begonias:
- Watered somewhat less frequently than flowering varieties - once a week in summer and a couple of times a month in winter.
- Top dressing is carried out monthly.
- Red-leaved begonia painfully tolerates any manipulations and, after transplantation, requires especially sensitive care.
Maintaining the healthy development of begonia will pay off very quickly to its owner, since in addition to decorativeness, the plant has the ability to heal the surrounding space by disinfecting the air, due to the high content of phytoncides.
Such a pleasant neighborhood helps to boost immunity, reduce fatigue and increase efficiency.
We suggest watching a video about caring for home begonia: