Begonia is a very popular plant among experienced gardeners and flower lovers alike.
Perhaps one of the reasons for such popularity can be called the variety of varieties that begonia is presented to.
One of them - ever-flowering begonias - and the peculiarities of its departure are described in detail in this article.
Also, in the article, we will consider in detail the characteristics of the flower, the rules of care, and also study the methods of reproduction.
Description of the flower
The ever-flowering terry begonia is one of the many varieties of the Begoniev family. This variety, in turn, has many varieties that differ in height, leaf color, size and number of inflorescences. and other parameters. Begonia is a herbaceous plant that grows well both indoors and outdoors.
The name implies that the plant blooms for a long time. This is true, regardless of where it is planted - in a flower bed or in a flowerpot, which is an undoubted advantage over other varieties. Of course, long flowering is possible only if the begonias are properly cared for.
Here you can see a photo of the ever-flowering terry begonia:
Flowerbed planting instructions
- Place begonia seedlings in prepared holes and drown shallowly, about 2 centimeters.
- When planting, leave at least 10 centimeters between the seedlings. If you plant the begonia close up, the growing bushes will overlap each other.
- Sprinkle the holes with earth, water.
- The first feeding is carried out with nitrogen fertilization seven days after planting - only twice with a difference of 10 days. Add fertilizer during watering.
How to choose a seat?
It is recommended to plant begonias on the front line of the flower bed. The flowerbed will look especially bright if the flowers are planted in large halos. Drawing up patterns with alternating varieties of this plant is another way to make a flower garden elegant and original.
Important: despite its thermophilicity, the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight! The best solution would be to place the seedlings in partial shade: there they will receive sufficient warmth and will be protected from burns.
- The soil. Good soil is very important when planting begonias: the plant will not take root in soil that has no nutrients left. The tendency of the soil to retain water will also interfere with flowering.
- Priming. must be fertile, slightly acidic and loose. When preparing the soil, it is advised to use peat, humus or sand.
Home and outdoor care
- Humidity. The air humidity, comfortable for begonias, is 50% and higher.
In the case of growing begonias in an apartment, you often have to deal with the problem of low humidity. So that this does not negatively affect the flower, you can put a container with water on the windowsill next to the pot.
Another method: put the begonia in a tray with a small amount of water - the fumes will save the flower from premature death.
- Watering. The best time to water begonias is in the morning and evening hours. Water for irrigation should be warm and soft, it is advisable to defend it the day before.
It is believed that begonia should be watered if the soil is dry 1-2 centimeters. In summer, the plant needs abundant, but not excessive watering, otherwise it will die. In the winter season, moderate watering is sufficient.
Attention: begonia must not be sprayed! This will lead to the formation of spots on the leaves of the plant.
- Fertilizer. Every two weeks, the seedlings must be fertilized with a complex feeding for flowering plants, then the begonia will bloom for a long time and delight the eye of its gardener.
- Transplanting. It is not customary to transplant begonia often, as many flower growers are used to doing. Transplanting is recommended only in cases where the plant becomes cramped in the pot. Therefore, it is preferable even when planting to place the flower in a large container that it cannot overturn.
You will find all the details about caring for ever-flowering begonia in this article.
Diseases and pests
When growing begonias, flower growers most often face the following problems:
- fungal infections;
- powdery mildew.
Before planting begonias in the soil, check the seeds for mites.which are carriers of various infections. To combat ticks, chemicals are most often used, such as "Anti-tick" or "Fufanon". Alternatively, you can use soap solutions of chamomile or tobacco, which are applied to the lower part of the plant. Spraying should be continued until the complete disappearance of the parasites.
Begonias are also susceptible to fungal diseases. In such cases, you should treat the soil with special products sold in hardware stores. However, the greatest danger to begonias is powdery mildew, which appears on the plant in the form of plaque. This disease can be caused by too high humidity. The use of fungicides helps to say goodbye to powdery mildew.
- Before planting, begonias are taken outside, gradually increasing the hardening time. This makes it easier for the plant to get used to outdoor conditions.
- It is not worth planting seedlings in open ground until June, when the period of spring frosts will pass. In the same summer, the first inflorescences will appear.
- A bed with begonias should be regularly loosened and cleaned of weeds. They can provoke the appearance of infection and simply spoil the look of the flower bed.
Important: it must be loosened carefully so as not to damage the root system of the flower.
Reproduction of begonias is possible in two ways:
- by cuttings.
The first method is quite time consuming, so it is not recommended for beginners.
- It is customary to plant seeds in the first months of winter in a container with fertile soil.
- If the seeds are small, you can mix them with sand: then they will settle evenly in the ground.
- After planting, the seeds must be covered with glass or paper that allows sunlight to pass through. The temperature in the container should be around 21-22 degrees.
- The forming condensate is removed, watering is carried out by spraying the soil.
- After a couple of weeks, when the shoots break through, the glass is removed.
- When 3 leaves appear on the stem, the begonias can be planted in pots.
Reproduction using cuttings requires less effort and is done in the spring.
- The stalk of the begonia is cut at an angle, leaving about 3 leaves on it.
Important: before planting, the cutting should be disinfected by treating the cut with charcoal.
- After that, the stalk is tilted into the ground and covered with polyethylene or a cloth with holes made in it.
- After about a month, when the cutting takes root, the fabric is removed and the begonias are planted in separate pots.
Begonia is afraid of cold weather, so for the winter it is transplanted from a flower garden into a room pot. Caring for a flower at home is no different from caring for a plant. in the open field. Moderate watering, good lighting, and feeding will help the begonias successfully overwinter.
In most cases, it continues to bloom while in the apartment. If the petals have fallen off, there is no reason to worry: after a while, the stem will be again strewn with terry inflorescences.
As you can see, begonia is a very unpretentious plant, and caring for it is not so difficult, which will greatly delight beginners. All that is needed to grow a beautiful flower is to create comfortable conditions for it in accordance with the given tips, and then it will certainly thank its owner with a long and lush flowering!