Ferruginous balsam: description and secrets of planting and caring for a wild plant

Ferruginous balsam: description and secrets of planting and caring for a wild plant

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The people call him touchy. In the conditions of cultural floriculture, ferruginous balsam is intended for growing in the garden.

What is this flower? Where can you land and how to land? How to care for a plant? What conditions should be provided for glandular balsam?

This and much more will be discussed in this article. Therefore, if you are interested in this plant, then be sure to read this material. It also tells about what pests and diseases such balsam is susceptible to and how to deal with them.

Botanical description and history of origin

Touch-me-not refers to annual plants.... Her stem:

  • fat;
  • knotted;
  • juicy;
  • strongly branched.

The flower grows up to 2 m. Ovate-lanceolate leaves 6 to 12 cm long have serrated edges. In the upper part of the stem, they are collected in corollas of 3 pieces. At the base of the leaf there are two stalked glands of dark red color. The root of glandular balsam is fibrous.

Large, simple flowers 3-3.5 cm long stand on long peduncles. Their color is most often wine red, but sometimes pink and white. The fruit is an obovate capsule, sharp at the top, in which there are small brown-black seeds.

The birthplace of ferruginous balsam is the Himalayas. The flower was introduced as an ornamental plant in the 19th century. It prefers to grow in humid shady places, along the shores of lakes and rivers.

Most often it can be found in Asia and Africa, some species in Europe and America.

Description of appearance and features

Ferruginous balsam in horticulture is valued for its decorative flowers.... The plant turns out to be even more beautiful due to the fact that rather large inflorescences are combined into decorative brushes. Flowers have a delicate and delicate scent. Many insects flock to this smell and pollinate them. Therefore, ferruginous balsam belongs to melliferous plants.

The touch-me-not flower has a curious feature, which is that when it blooms, drops of sweetish juice appear behind the cloves of the leaves. They evaporate to form sugar crystals. This attracts ants.

Ferrous balsam is the largest of the balsamic family... The plant is not intended for indoor floriculture. The flower blooms from July until the arrival of the first cold weather.

It was named touchy because of its peculiar way of spreading seeds. The fruit in the form of a juicy capsule bursts unexpectedly when it is touched when ripe. At the same time, the leaves immediately curl inward, and the seeds scatter in all directions.

This happens because the inner tissues are rather succulent, grow and lengthen the outer shell. The shell is not able to withstand such strong pressure, sometimes even from a light touch it contracts and twists the capsule valves.

You can decorate with ferruginous balsam:

  • flower beds;
  • discounts;
  • curbs.

Balsams were never boring - they always delighted us with bright colors and abundant flowering. Active selection and the emergence of new varieties have made this plant even more popular and in demand in the floriculture market. If you are also interested in breeding this beautiful flower, then we suggest you read about the following species: Garden, Iron-bearing, Wild, New Guinea, Tom Samb, Waller. It is also interesting to learn about terry and ampel varieties of balsam.

Where and how to plant a wild plant?

In order for this ornamental plant to grow well and please with its flowers, you need to choose the right site for it and do not forget to take care of it.

Lighting and location

Ferruginous balsam is a thermophilic plant, which limits its use in landscape design. It will not work as an early spring decoration.

Important! When planting several bushes of the plant at once, it is necessary that they are at a distance of 25 cm from each other. The fact is that an adult flower becomes quite tall.

The plant needs good lighting, diffused light. Harmful to him:

  1. direct sunlight;
  2. drafts;
  3. wind.

In order for a flower to grow well and develop, it needs a lot of space, it does not tolerate density. If too many plants are planted in one place, then all of them will not have enough nutrients available in the soil. When the plantings are thickened, the balsam will be undersized, as well as the termination of its flowering is possible.

Soil requirements

Ferruginous balsam grows well in soil:

  • loose;
  • slightly acidic;
  • breathable.

You can make such a nutritious substrate yourself by mixing:

  • peat crumb;
  • perlite;
  • medium fraction sand.

The flower has underdeveloped and not very long roots, so a shallow pot is suitable for it.

How to take care of it properly?

Although moisture is not the main thing for the growth of ferruginous balsam, nevertheless, when the air is too dry, its lower leaves begin to fall off. This flower needs a lot of water. However, in winter, with an excess of it, it can rot.

During the growing season, the flower needs nutrients., which come to him when feeding with fertilizers. Impatient must be fertilized once every 10 days. At the time when buds will form and nitrogen fertilizers cannot be used during flowering, it is necessary to feed with phosphorus-potassium. From autumn to spring, ferruginous balsam does not need to be fertilized, nor is it necessary to feed recently transplanted and diseased flowers.

The plant needs to be transplanted if it does not bloom, and the lower leaves fall off, it can also indicate its aging.

The young ferruginous balsam wraps around the pot in a short time, so it is transplanted several times a year. The transplant must be carried out quickly, the root system must not dry out.

Pruning will help to refine the appearance of the flower.... The procedure is performed in the spring. Very long branches need to be cut. This is not done immediately, but gradually. In order for the bush to become more branched, the tops of the shoots are pinched.

If necessary, glandular balsam may be transplanted even when it is in bloom.

Common diseases and pests

For ferrous balsam, the greatest danger is the low temperature outside. The flower will die even during light frosts and temperatures below +5 ° C. The plant is not insured against diseases such as:

  • mosaic;
  • gray rot;
  • bronze foliage;
  • powdery mildew.

There are pests that are dangerous for balsam, these are:

  • aphid;
  • spider mite;
  • whitefly.

You can get rid of them with insecticides.

Breeding features

Reproduction of ferruginous balsam is a rather easy process... The procedure can be done with cuttings and seeds. In spring or autumn, cuttings should be cut from a healthy adult plant, which are planted directly in the ground. The flower takes root well.

With this method of reproduction, flower growers with experience are advised to plant several cuttings in one pot. Thanks to this simple technique, the flower will turn out to be lush and beautiful.

During their development and growth, by pinching the bush, you can give the desired shape. During the growing season, this procedure is performed 2-3 times. Strong shoots with 3-4 flowers are left on the bush, and all the rest are cut off.

The seed propagation procedure begins in January:

  1. It is necessary to prepare a container where a light soil substrate is poured, which includes: 1 part of leaf and humus soil, 0.5 part of sand.
  2. Seeds are sown on the surface and sprinkled with soil a little. Then the container must be covered with a transparent film and placed in a warm place.
  3. After seed germination, additional lighting must be provided.
  4. It is necessary to water the seedlings regularly, do not fill in the soil, and also do not allow it to dry out.

Ferruginous balsam is a rather unpretentious plant. This makes it very popular. The flower is loved by gardeners and landscape designers for the fact that it looks great both in single and collective plantings.

One of the excellent representatives of the huge number of the balsam family is

Watch the video: How to Grow Wild Bergamot Bee balm - Complete Growing Guide (May 2022).