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Radish is considered a popular early crop among gardeners. This root vegetable is very useful, it contains a lot of vitamins, which the body especially needs in the spring.
In this article, we will tell you about the intricacies of the April planting of a root crop beloved by many.
You can familiarize yourself with the detailed instructions for the sowing procedure and learn about the important nuances of the subsequent care of the vegetable.
Can radishes be planted during this period?
This crop is cold-tolerant., therefore, it is possible and necessary to plant it in the ground in April. By planting a root crop much earlier than other vegetables, observing the timing and sowing technology, you can quickly get a good harvest of early juicy radishes. For planting radishes, it is not necessary to allocate a separate piece of land, radishes can be planted on the garden bed where heat-loving vegetables will be planted after it. When the time comes for planting later seedlings in the ground, the radish will have time to ripen, and the harvest will be harvested.
Features of the
The optimum temperature for sowing radishes in April is +10 degrees. And if the temperature warms up to 13-15 degrees, then the first shoots will appear in seven days.
Important! For the rapid growth of culture, an air temperature of +10 to +20 degrees is required.
Under favorable weather conditions, the first harvest of juicy radish can be obtained in three weeks. But even a drop in temperature below average does not lead to the death of seedlings. Radish is able to withstand even frost on the ground surface. That is why the spring planting dates for radishes are significantly different from the planting dates for other vegetables.
Read about what temperature radishes need for a good harvest here.
How is it different from sowing in another month?
There are several reasons why radishes are best planted in April. One of them is that in April the soil is still saturated with moisture after the snow melts.
Moisture is considered a strong natural biostimulant, contributing to the early germination of seeds. Therefore, you should not wait for the onset of heat and the moment when the soil will be dried out by the first rays of the sun.
Another reason to plant radishes as early as possible is that the same root crop planted in April grows more juicy and larger than the one planted in May.
Why choose this month?
For central Russia, it is necessary to sow radish seeds into the ground as soon as the ground warms up a little, and this is exactly the month of April. Short light days (up to 10 hours) allow this crop to actively grow root cropsthat affects the harvest.
An early, juicy, crunchy, vitamin-rich vegetable grows best in cool weather and with short daylight hours. But the increase in daylight hours provokes the launch of "arrows". Therefore, sowing radishes in the ground should not be postponed until a later date.
Another the advantage of early sowing is the absence of pests (how to deal with radish pests?). Therefore, the earlier the vegetable is planted, the less chance the cruciferous flea has to damage the leaves and lay eggs at the base of the root crop, and damage the juicy pulp to small worms.
When is the best time to sow radishes: in what numbers?
There is no universal timing for planting radishes, since it depends on the region, air temperature and soil, which in certain regions warms up at different times. Many gardeners, when calculating planting days for radishes, in addition to weather conditions, also refer to the lunar calendar, taking into account the cycles of the moon.
When to plant lunar radishes? It is believed that the phases of the moon matter when planting various crops. The growing moon activates the movement of sap in the upper part of the plants, and the roots are less susceptible to damage, therefore it is recommended to weed the plants at this time. But the waning moon accelerates the growth of underground parts of plants.
As for the radish, the best time to plant it is the waning moon, since in this cycle it is the roots that develop better. But neither the new moon nor the full moon are suitable for planting vegetables, as well as for performing any work on the beds. At this time, you can only get rid of weeds and pests.
Important! If you believe the lunar calendar, April 6 to 9, 19, 20 and April 23 to 29 are considered auspicious days for sowing radishes.
Step by step instructions: how to plant in open ground?
Consider how to plant a radish in April.
Which variety to choose and why?
Radish varieties differ from one another in terms of ripening and are divided into three groups:
- early varieties (ripening period from 17-25 days or less);
- medium grades (ripening period 25-30 days);
- late varieties (ripening period 25-45 days).
Early varieties of radish are most suitable for planting in April, since they are least afraid of spring frosts.
The most popular varieties are:
- grade "Heat";
- grade "Presto";
- grade "Zarya";
- grade "Askania".
Early varieties are not susceptible to cold, rapid maturation (18-22 days after germination), resistance to fungal diseases, minimal shooting.
Where and how much can you buy seeds?
Seed material can be ordered online. The cost of the popular early variety of radish "Zarya" depends on the manufacturer, and ranges from 4 rubles. for 2 g ("Avista") up to 11 rubles. for 20 g ("Timiryazevsky nursery"). Early red radish seeds from the Lucky Seeds manufacturer cost 11 rubles. for 2 g. Delivery of goods is paid (250-350 rubles).
Before sowing seeds in the ground, they should be prepared, which will maximize the percentage of their germination.
Important! The more carefully the selection of quality seeds is carried out, the higher the percentage of their germination will be.
Seed preparation for sowing consists of several stages:
- Selection of quality seeds, excluding damaged and defective samples.
- Determination of the viability of seeds, for which the seeds should be poured with salt water (50 g of salt per 1 liter of water) and kept for 2 minutes, stirring. Quality seeds will settle to the bottom of the container.
- Preventive disinfection of seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate (1 mg per 1 l of water), in which the seeds, wrapped in a gauze bag, should be dipped for 15 minutes, and then dried.
After preparing radish seeds for planting, the growth process is activated in them, therefore they must be sown immediately after the events.
Most often, radishes are planted in rows. To get a good harvest, you need to follow the rules:
- level the surface of the garden;
- make rows 0.5-1 cm deep at a distance of 10 cm from each other;
- water the prepared rows and let the water soak into the ground;
- distribute the seeds at a distance of 5 cm from one another;
- lightly sprinkle with earth and compact to remove voids.
The first shoots should appear in 3-4 days. To speed up the process, you can cover the radish crops with a film at night, and remove it in the morning (read about growing radish under the film here).
Another method of planting radishes is suitable for gardeners with a small plot of land, when radishes are sown in a continuous cloth. An egg carton can be used to position the seeds at an optimal distance from one another.
- the surface of the bed is leveled;
- the soil is watered abundantly;
- the packaging for eggs makes depressions in the ground, pressing it tightly to the ground;
- seeds are placed in the printed cells (one in each);
- the sowing is covered with earth and slightly compacted.
Below you can watch a video on how to properly sow radish seeds in egg trays:
Young plant care
Radish loves moisture very much, therefore, for its active development and growth, the garden bed must always be wet. Lack of moisture will contribute to the formation of small root crops. However, there should not be too much moisture, otherwise the radish will begin to crack.
The growing season of this vegetable is short, therefore, those fertilizers that were applied to the soil before sowing will be quite enough for the development and growth of high-quality fruits. If the soil for the radish was not fertilized before planting, then a week after the emergence of seedlings it is necessary to feed the radish with organic matter. This can be rotted mullein diluted 1:10 or fermented chicken droppings (1:20). After ten days, the radish can be poured with a nutrient solution (15 g of potassium sulphide and 20 g of superphosphate for 10 liters of water).
Important! An excess of fertilizer can lead to too active growth of green mass and the formation of arrows.
To get a high-quality harvest, you must:
- to prevent the formation of a crust on the soil after irrigation of radishes, it is recommended to carry out shallow reclamation between rows;
- be sure to loosen the soil;
- weed weeds in a timely manner that interfere with the growth of radishes;
- as the radishes ripen, selectively harvest to allow neighboring root crops to grow.
Problems and difficulties in growing
There are no special problems with the cultivation of radish in April. At the initial stage of development, the plant can infect a cruciferous flea. For prevention, you need to sprinkle the foliage with wood ash or tobacco, and also cover young shoots.
Observing the timing of planting radishes and simple rules for caring for the plant, you can guarantee an excellent harvest by providing seven early vitamins.