Spicy herbs are often used in European and Russian cuisine, as well as in the preparation of Caucasian dishes. With their help, you can improve the taste and aroma of the dish, and even give it new useful properties. One of these herbs is savory.
Further in the article, we will talk about what the savory or kondari seasoning is. You will find out what the benefits and harms of this spice are, where you can buy this plant and how to use it in cooking, and also see a photo of this herb.
What is it - kondari?
Savory (or kondari) is an annual plant of the Lamiaceae family, a peppery herb from which the spice of the same name is made. This plant has many other names: cheber, chobr, savory, scraper, garden savory, garden savory, summer savory. In Georgia it is called kondari, in Bulgaria - chubritsa, in Armenia - citron, and in Uzbekistan - dzhambul. The official name of kondari in Latin is Satureja hortensis Lamiaceae, in Russian - saturea, in English - savory.
Savory is sometimes confused with the thyme plant, which also belongs to the Lamiaceae family, but has completely different properties and taste.
Seasoning savory has been known since ancient Greece and Rome. Originally, this peppery herb was native to the Mediterranean and could be found in rocky terrain or among rocky shores. The Greeks were the first to use savory as a spice, and savory essential oil was added in the manufacture of medicines. Later the Romans followed them. Savory was often used by many military leaders, poets and orators as a means to improve memory and clarify thoughts.
After the conquests of the Roman Empire, the savory spice became known among many other peoples, and due to its cheapness and useful properties, it was popular in Europe. During the Renaissance, healers advised drinking savory infusion for memory impairment and digestive problemsand was also often used as a pain reliever. The aroma of savory essential oil was believed to have a good effect on mental performance and arouse libido.
The following are photos of the condari spice:
The benefits of the spice
Savory is very popular today, as it suits many dishes, and it contains many useful substances.
- A (257 μg);
- B1 (0.37 mg);
- B6 (1.81 mg);
- C (50 mg);
- PP (4.08 mg).
- magnesium (377 mg);
- potassium (1051 mg);
- calcium (2132 mg);
- phosphorus (140 mg).
- Trace elements:
- iron (37.88 mg);
- zinc (4.3 mg);
- manganese (6.1 mg);
- copper (850 mcg);
- selenium (4.6 mcg).
Thanks to vitamins, savory reduces the risk of infectious diseases, improves vision, and is a strong antioxidant. Besides, savory is used for the following purposes:
- Balancing the nervous system. The impact occurs through the taste buds.
- Cleansing from parasites - Satura is a good anthelmintic.
- Getting rid of dry cough - savory has an expectorant effect and strengthens the immune system.
- Improvement of the condition in case of intestinal diseases - the acid-base balance is normalized, heartburn and nausea disappear.
- Awakening appetite - kondari stimulates taste buds, and a person begins to feel hungry.
- Relief of symptoms of fever. Fever disappears, sweating decreases.
Read about the beneficial properties, contraindications and use of savory here.
Savory increases blood pressure, so it should not be consumed with hypertension. In case of arrhythmias and cerebral vascular disease, satura also needs to be abandoned. In addition, this spice is prohibited for pregnant women, as it has an abortive effect, especially if consumed in large quantities.
The essential oil of savory can cause irritation of the skin and mucous membranes, therefore, with special sensitivity and diseases of the mucous membranes, you should not use it.
Individual intolerance to savory is also possible.
Cooking applications: what kind of dishes is it suitable for?
Savory is suitable for many dishes. In terms of pungency, it is comparable to black pepper, therefore it is sometimes used as its substitute. Seasoning is added to meat dishes, including lamb, pork, chicken. Also suitable for fish and game dishes. The spice has a spicy, spicy and slightly bitter taste.... If the meat has a specific flavor (for example, lamb or some types of game), kondari will hide this flavor, add pungency and aroma to the dish.
Savory is called leguminous herb because it is an ideal complement to legume dishes. This spice ennobles the taste and also relieves gas and bloating after eating peas and beans.
What else is savory good for? Condari is also suitable for other vegetables. When added to a fresh salad, savory will not only make the dish spicier, but also enhance the original taste and aroma. It is also used for frying and boiling vegetables and mushrooms. True, because of the slight bitterness in the taste that savory gives, it is not suitable for champignons.
It is worth remembering that the spice is very spicy, therefore, when frying or stewing, it is added at the end of cooking for just a couple of minutes.
Among other things, you can add savory to pizza and marinades. It is an almost universal spice for savory dishes.
Savory can be combined with other spices, especially spicy... For example, you can add it to a dish along with paprika and black pepper. A mixture of savory with marjoram or thyme feels harmonious as these plants share a common note in the aroma. It also goes well with bay leaves, garlic, basil and oregano. The famous mixtures of spices "Provencal herbs" and "Khmeli-suneli" also contain savory.
How to make a spice at home?
It is not necessary to purchase ready-made seasoning in the store, because you can plant savory in your garden or on a windowsill. And in this case, it remains only to properly prepare the leaves of the plant in order to get the spice.
First of all, you need to choose one of the varieties of savory. They differ mainly in the color of the leaves and the shape of the bushes, and yet some have special flavoring qualities. The most common are the following varieties:
- Garden savory... The classic variety of savory, the most popular in Russia. Has a sweet spicy aroma reminiscent of thyme. The bushes are low, no more than half a meter, with pale pink flowers. The bush is unpretentious to cold weather, so it is often grown in the middle lane. Read more about growing and planting savory here.
- Lemon Savory... Perennial, more thermophilic, since it comes from Africa. The leaves of the bush are smaller than those of the garden savory. It got its name from its strong lemon scent.
- Pink savory... It was originally grown on the island of Crete, therefore it is also called Cretan. Perennial herb with bluish flowers. Its aroma is more similar to caraway seeds.
- Jamaican savory (mint savory)... The leaves have a pronounced mint aroma, the bush is tall, with glossy leaves.
- Mountain savory... The bush is of medium height, the flowers are white and the leaves are dark green. The variety is more thermophilic, and the taste and aroma does not differ from the garden variety.
Only garden savory can be grown on the site, other varieties are suitable only for a windowsill or greenhouse. As for taste, if the goal is just a classic spice that goes well with meat and vegetables, then it is advisable to choose garden, rose or mountain savory.
If you need a lemon-flavored spice that goes well with fish, you should opt for the lemon variety. If you want a mint flavor (thanks to it, the spice is more suitable for sweeter dishes), you need Jamaican savory. It is worth remembering that it is the garden savory that is easier to purchase in the store.
How to prepare savory for spices:
- The plant must be cut or cut before flowering begins (usually mid-summer). The stems are cut at a height of 15 centimeters. It is best to do this in dry weather.
- Stems with leaves must be collected in bunches and hung to dry under a canopy. If the plant is grown on a windowsill, find a warm and well-ventilated place to avoid mold.
- After the plants are completely dry, they are placed in tightly closed glass jars (it is better to use polyethylene) and stored in a dry and dark place. Dried blanks will retain their aroma for 2 years.
- If desired, you can add basil, bay leaf, thyme or other hot spice to the dried raw materials in a jar. After a couple of weeks, the flavors will blend to create a new seasoning.
Where could I buy?
Condari is rarely found in supermarkets, so it is better to look for seasoning in spice shops, online stores and pharmacies.
Savory is sold both by weight and packaged... When buying by weight, it is better to choose the product directly in the store, because on the Internet you have to buy a "pig in a poke". As in good tea shops, when choosing a spice, the client is asked to look at the product and evaluate its aroma. Savory should be spicy, moderately spicy and tart, a bit like pepper and mint.
If savory is bought in a package, you should give preference to well-known brands. However, some manufacturers overcharge prices too much. Therefore, if you want to find a spice at an adequate price and get a quality product, it is better to purchase it at a pharmacy.
Prices in Moscow and St. Petersburg are not very different, but in Moscow there is more choice in general. For example, in Moscow stores they range from 50 to 200 rubles per 100 grams. In St. Petersburg, the price ranges from 50 rubles. for 100 grams up to 150 rubles.
The price is also influenced by the brand of the manufacturer and the quantity of the product. For example, Kamis spices are among the most expensive. And when buying 30 or 40 grams of goods from any manufacturer, the price will be at least 50 rubles. Moreover, 100 grams of savory can also cost 50 rubles. A product of 200 grams can be bought for 100 rubles. and less, and in one of the stores in St. Petersburg a kilogram of savory is sold for only 300 rubles.
So, it is not at all difficult to buy savory or cook it yourself, and this spice will find application in a variety of dishes, even if you experiment with the cuisine of other countries and mix seasonings with each other. The benefits of savory give everyone, not even a particularly sophisticated cook, a reason to think about whether to start using this seasoning along with black pepper and basil.
We bring to your attention a useful video about savory seasoning: