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It is a mistake to consider oregano only a seasoning that can be used exclusively in cooking. It also possesses a number of medicinal qualities, it is used in cosmetology, it is used to decorate gardens and park areas.
Caring for her is simple and not burdensome, so we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the list of varieties and types of this wonderful gift of Mother Nature.
The article presents 12 species of a unique plant called oregano, and also describes in detail the characteristics of the varieties, photos and recommendations for care.
What is this plant and how many varieties are there?
There are more than 50 types of oregano in total... Each of them contains a large amount of trace elements, vitamins and other useful substances that can be useful to a person to one degree or another. Some were created by nature, some were bred by the efforts of breeders, but grown by human hands is no worse than wild-growing.
Popular varieties of oregano, their names and photos
Plant with densely growing oval leaves, reaching a height of one meter. It has small, pink or pale pink flowers. This type has an unusually pleasant and strong aroma, so it is used more often than others for making spicy mixtures and when cooking meat dishes.
Syrian oregano oil perfectly relieves skin inflammation and heals wounds.
The most thermophilic species brought from Greece for the first time. She has a very pubescent bracts, and the buds are small, milky.
Greek oregano grows in the Balkans and Greece... Perennial plant with emerald green leaves, small and covered with numerous hard hairs. The flowers are medium-sized, white. It has an extremely strong aroma and the most pungent taste of all existing types (an excess of seasoning in a dish leads to even short-term numbness of the tongue).
One of the most common varieties in cultivation. They have a special, strong and spicy aroma, as well as a taste with bitterness. This dwarf and very graceful plant is great for decorating borders and mixborders: it has small pale pink flowers and variegated foliage with an edge on the underside. Used for making hot seasonings.
Aureum plant reaches a height of 25-30 cm... Stems are tetrahedral, strong, straight, covered with tiny soft bristles. Purple-pink or lavender buds are gathered in a pineal panicle. Flowering time is July-September. Leaves are opposite, ovoid, small, growing all over the stem except for the upper part.
If the variety grows in the shade, its foliage will be painted in bright green, and if in the sun - with an admixture of a golden hue. Withstands low temperatures.
It differs from the Aureum variety in compactness and bizarre wrinkled foliage with golden highlights. Blooms purple-pink from July. The aroma is poorly expressed.
The the variety grows in a dense bush, specimens reach a height of 20-25 cm... Leaves are ovate, rounded, serrated, petiolar. The shade can vary from pale light green to juicy green. Snow-white buds are collected in spreading corymbose panicles, which are located on straight, even stems.
An adult plant reaches a height of only 5-7 centimeters, so this species is considered one of the smallest. The leaves are small, elongated, oppositely located, bright yellow. Due to its delicate refreshing taste and spicy aroma, it is often used in cooking and in the preparation of tea compositions.
This variety was artificially bred to decorate garden plots and is not suitable for food. He has large green flower beds with a slight purple tint, light green foliage. When kept cool and exposed to light, the plant is dominated by purple hues. The flowers are small, pink with white edging along the edges of the petals. Reaches a height of 20-25 cm. Resistant to drought and heat.
The bush reaches a height of 30-40 cm... Leaves are opposite, bright green, jagged at the edges, concave. The underside is covered with a light downy; on the upper side, yellowish veins are clearly traced. Flowers are collected in lush panicles. The buds have all shades of pink. This species boasts excellent taste and subtle caramel aroma.
Compact and graceful in appearance. Stems are thin, branched. Leaves are sparse, elliptical, entire, with sharp tips. The lower part is light green and covered with white fine bristles, the upper one is brighter and smoother. It blooms profusely and luxuriantly. The flowers are tiny, pinkish-lilac, collected in spikelets in the axils of the bracts. Smells good.
Healing variety, melliferous and aromatic. The bush grows up to half a meter in height. The percentage of anthocyanins is high, so the buds have a rich purple color. Drought-resistant.
Briefly about leaving
Oregano is unpretentious and does not require special skills to grow... It calmly withstands both the harsh Russian winter and hot summer, it grows on any soils (except for marshy). However, a couple of conditions must be met here as well.
- Plant oregano in sandy loam soil with good drainage and neutral acidity for a lush harvest.
- Choose the most sunny area. Water regularly without letting the soil dry out.
- The plant is extremely sensitive to weeds, so the garden should be weeded regularly and the soil should be loosened more often.
- It is recommended to replant the plant every 5 years, then it will retain its healing qualities.
- For feeding, both organic (bird droppings, mullein) and mineral complex fertilizers are used.
When watering, do not use a hose, but a watering can with a fine spray, so as not to damage the buds.
Oregano is a useful plant that every site needs. You can talk about its benefits for a long time, and caring for it is easy and pleasant. Decorate your garden with an original alpine slide and oregano bush, or organize your own pharmacy bed - and you will not regret it!