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Many dishes are not complete without the addition of dill as a fragrant seasoning. This herbaceous plant is able to give preparations, salads, dishes a piquant taste and fragrant aroma. Possesses beneficial qualities for human health. Every gardener is interested in how to get a ready harvest as soon as possible.
There are many ways to speed up the germination of dill seeds. In this article, we will look at the method of soaking seeds before sowing.
Do I need soaking to get quick shoots?
How to prepare dill seeds for sowing so that they sprout quickly? One of the most effective ways is to soak.
Reasons for soaking:
- Acceleration of the germination process. Dill, due to its dense seed structure, belongs to slow-growing plants (how long dill usually sprouts, we told here). The soaking procedure will help wash the essential oils off the surface of the embryos. Such a coating prevents the flow of the required amount of moisture, which means it slows down the growth of dill.
- Maintaining the viability of most seedlings. Untreated seeds, without waiting for germination, can die from lack of moisture or become a delicacy for pests.
- Disease prevention. Soaking seeds in various solutions containing a large amount of beneficial trace elements will increase the plant's immunity from various diseases that can subsequently affect the entire vegetable crop.
Dill also grows well when sown with dry seeds that have not previously been processed. The rate of germination mainly depends on the soaking of seeds. If this method is ignored, the first shoots will appear only after two weeks, and if it is implemented - 4-6 days after sowing.
It can be concluded that soaking the dill seeds is optional, but desirable.
What you need to know before preparing for processing and how to check the germination of planting material?
Planting material is soaked before planting in winter or summer. In the fall, there is no need to resort to this type of processing. When growing dill indoors, soaking is advisable.
Before proceeding with soaking dill seeds in different solutions, it is necessary to carry out the procedure for disinfecting them with water. Natural is best suited: thawed or key.
If not, you can use purified, non-carbonated water purchased from the store. It is not recommended to carry out this treatment with tap water.
There is an excellent way to check for germination: you need to soak the planting material in a wet rag, leave it in this form for 2-3 days.
Seeds that do not hatch are defective, they are unsuitable for planting, as their shelf life has expired. Dill seeds have a shelf life of 2-3 years.
In what, how and how much can you soak?
Soaking dill seeds before planting is possible not only in ordinary water. Below we will look at various effective soaking methods.
The most affordable and easiest way to prepare seeds for planting in the spring. With this method, you can get seedlings a week earlier. Unlike other methods, it is difficult to overexpose seeds in water, thereby spoiling them.
- Put the seeds in a bowl on wet gauze, cover it with a second layer.
- Then fill the seedlings with hot water (+30 - +35 degrees). When the water is colored brown, it is necessary to change the water. Repeat until it is clean.
- It is necessary to maintain favorable conditions: put in a dark place, monitor the temperature regime (+20 - +25 degrees). Leave in this form for 48 hours.
- Then dry.
A very efficient way. The advantage is that vodka disinfects seeds, thereby protecting the plant from diseases... And also this method is very easy to implement. But there are disadvantages: if you overexpose for more than 15 minutes, the vodka will corrode the base of the seed. For processing, you should choose high-quality vodka, without impurities, which refers to the disadvantages of this method, since it requires money.
- Make a bag of gauze, place the seeds there, put them in a container with vodka.
- Hold for no more than 15 minutes.
- Then rinse with plain clean water and dry.
You will find a visual demonstration of this soaking method in this video:
In growth stimulants
Exist ready-made growth stimulants of plant origin:
They are used to accelerate the growth of dill, as well as for germination of primordia. Several of these stimulants have their own benefits. For example:
- "Epin" helps to quickly adapt and survive frost, lack of light.
- "Zircon" is the strongest growth stimulant, which also serves as an assistant in the formation of roots.
- "Fitosporin" prevents disease.
- Disinfect and rinse seeds before sowing.
- Then soak in a solution of trace elements.
- After soaking, do not rinse, dry to a free-flowing state.
In wood ash
Such a simple fertilizer is an excellent source of micronutrients., so necessary for the first shoots. This fertilization method is not suitable for everyone, in particular for city dwellers who have nowhere to get ash.
- Pour 2 tablespoons of wood ash with a liter of water. Let the solution stand for 48 hours, then strain through cheesecloth.
- In the resulting infusion, immerse the seeds in a bag of gauze.
- Keep in this form for 4-5 hours.
- Then it is necessary to dry the treated seedlings before sowing.
The chamomile infusion helps to wash away the essential oils from the seed coat. This method is easy to use, the main thing is not to lower the planting material into water, the temperature of which is above 50 degrees, which can lead to the death of the embryos.
- Pour boiling water over 1 tablespoon of dry chamomile.
- Once the solution has cooled to 50 degrees, immerse the seeds in a gauze bag.
- Hold for half an hour.
Aloe juice has beneficial properties not only for humans, but also for dill seeds. Increases the immunity of greens. The disadvantage of this method is the long preparation of the aloe before soaking.
- Cut off the leaves of an adult plant, keep in the refrigerator for two weeks, after wrapping them in dark paper.
- Then manually squeeze the juice, dilute it with water (1: 1).
- Soak a piece of gauze in the resulting solution and wrap the seeds in it.
- Keep in this form for 24 hours.
In potassium permanganate
This method of soaking is used for disinfection, after all, it's not a secret for anyone that potassium permanganate is an excellent antiseptic. Etching seeds in a pink solution is the easiest way to get rid of fungi and bacteria, which means that our dill will get sick less often.
- After the seeds swell in water, they are immersed in potassium permanganate for 3 hours.
- Then they must be thoroughly rinsed and dried.
Honey is a source of many trace elements, which have an excellent effect on the growth of dill seed buds. Strengthens the plant's immunity. Not everyone wants to spend expensive honey on dill seeds. But it only takes 1 teaspoon.
- Dissolve 1 teaspoon of honey in a glass of clean water and immerse the seeds for 5 hours.
- Then dry them until they flow.
In potato juice
Potato juice is rich in seed nutrients. This method is quite simple and does not take much time.
- Freeze raw potatoes in the freezer, then let them melt and grate or pass through a juicer.
- Soak the seeds in the resulting gruel for 7 hours.
- Rinse and dry.
In a decoction of mushrooms
Mushrooms are a source of many trace elements important for dill. You can take any mushrooms, it doesn't even have to be edible.
- Grind the dried mushrooms, pour boiling water over them, let it brew until the mixture is completely cool.
- Put the seeds in cheesecloth, pour the resulting composition, stand for 5-6 hours.
- Finally dry until flowable.
In a complex solution
The complex solution has a high content of nutrients. For its correct preparation, it will take a little more effort, since you will need to mix a lot of elements, but if you treat the seeds with this solution, you can always count on their rapid germination.
- Mix the ash solution (500 ml) with the infusion of onion peels (a handful per 500 ml of boiled water).
- Add 0.5 g of potassium permanganate, 0.1 g of boric acid and 5 g of baking soda to the composition.
- Stir the resulting solution and leave the seeds to infuse in it for 48 hours.
- Then the seeds must be dried.
How else to prepare the planting material for sowing in the open field in the spring?
Pour the seeds dry into a cloth bag and bury them in the garden in damp, unheated earth on a shovel bayonet deep. This is done about two weeks before sowing. Before sowing, take out the seeds, spread them on paper, dry them until sprinkling and sow. Seeds prepared in this way germinate in 4-5 days.
Soaking dill seeds using different methods is not a mandatory procedure., but, as we found out, such manipulations contribute to the early germination of seeds, serve as the prevention of various diseases. There are many ways to soak. Each gardener can choose one or another method that is most suitable for him and enjoy an early harvest of fragrant greens.