Azalea is a very beautiful plant that is often grown at home. However, azalea is quite moody and requires some care.
The main component of care is proper watering, which will ensure abundant flowering and flower health.
The article discusses in detail when and how to water, what water is needed and how much, and other important issues of competent flower irrigation.
Before and during flowering
- Before the azalea blooms (March-October) watering should be reduced. The exception is July-August, when you need to water the flower in the morning and in the evening.
- From autumn to winter, when buds and buds are laid, to increase them, watering is also reduced.
- After the appearance of buds and buds it is necessary to water the plant regularly, do not overfill it, but also avoid dryness.
At different times of the year
Learn how to properly water at home and how often your plant needs water in summer, winter, fall and spring.
The season also affects the watering of rhododendron:
- from March to September it is carried out every other day, in the summer months - every day;
- from October to November (inclusive) watering is reduced;
- in winter the plant needs watering 1-2 times a week (if the room is hot and there is increased dry air, it is necessary to spray the leaves in the morning).
Indoor and outdoor flower
Indoor and outdoor types of azaleas require different care:
- In the case of room azalea, watering must be reduced when the air temperature drops and increased when the air temperature rises.
- The frequency and intensity of watering a flower planted in a garden or on an area depends on the weather and the place of planting.
Therefore, if the plant is planted in an area with a high level of underwater water, it should not be watered too often. A plant planted in high, sandy areas requires frequent and abundant moisture. In this case, the norm for watering is one or two buckets every other day.
In the case of young, only planted seedlings, half a bucket 2-3 times a week will be enough for watering.
Before and after rhododendron transplant
The transplant is carried out during the emergence of new shoots. Young shoots are transplanted annually, adult shrubs once every three years.
If the plant is not transplanted, then the roots can form stagnant moisture, which leads to rotting of the soil. In addition, various diseases and parasites can occur.
Transplanting and watering azaleas is carried out in several steps:
- Plants, pulled out of the pot, are placed in a container with boiled water.
- In the same water, it is necessary to dissolve zircon, which promotes better root formation, and phytosporin-m, which protects against fungus.
- In the resulting liquid, the plant should stand for 50-60 minutes.
- After the specified time, the rhododendron is transplanted into the soil and watered with the same solution in which it stood.
After transplanting, watering is necessary every two to three days, at the same time, growth stimulants are added to the water.
What kind of water do you need?
It is important and correct to choose the water with which the azalea will be irrigated. Hard and chlorinated water will not work for this.
Use soft water. It is advisable to insist on it for two days before watering. You can also use boiled room temperature. To soften the water for irrigation, lemon juice or oxalic acid is added to it.
In addition, rainwater is ideal for watering rhododendron. It should be cleaned with household filters or infused for four days.
Step-by-step instructions for the procedure at home
If you do not know how to care for a flower after purchase and how to water it at home, then you need to familiarize yourself with the list of recommendations below.
The ideal water temperature for irrigating an azalea is the same with the temperature of the surrounding air or + 2-3 degrees, and if you water the flower with cold, ice water, it will lead to stress.
Watering frequency directly depends on the season, indoor humidity and ambient temperature.
Read more about optimal conditions for keeping azaleas here.
How to correctly determine that it is time to water the plant? This can be done in two ways:
- Rub a pinch of earth from the pot between your fingers. If it is dry and crumbles, irrigation is required.
- Immerse your finger a couple of centimeters into the ground. If the finger remains dry, it is worth watering the plant, if it is wet, the watering time has not come yet.
Amount of liquid
There is no strict dosage of liquid for irrigating rhododendron. However, you must adhere to some rules:
- do not flood the plant;
- do not forget about regular watering;
- water more often on hot days;
- in cold weather - less often.
How to irrigate?
Find out how to properly irrigate the flower - from the bottom or from the top, whether you need to put the pot in a tray to maximize the moisture in the plant. There are several ways to water.
- Top, using a watering can with a long spout and small holes. This method is great when the soil is a couple of centimeters dry.
- Using a pallet. To do this, the pot is placed in a pan with poured water, while the drainage holes should be immersed in water by 1 centimeter. The soil will naturally absorb water by itself. Moisturizing in this way is carried out every three days.
- Place the pot completely in the water. This method is suitable if the soil is completely dry. It is permissible to carry out such watering weekly.
What to add as top dressing?
To improve the growth and flowering of the plant, various preparations can be added to the water during irrigation. These include:
- "Zircon", used for root development and profuse flowering. A few drops of the product are added to the water during the azalea flowering period. You can use the drug once every four days.
- "NV-101". This drug saturates the plant with all the necessary trace elements. It is enough to add 1-2 drops of the product to the water for irrigation.
- "Eco-gel-antistress" also improves the condition of rhododendron well, especially in cases where the plant has experienced stress. It can be used for both watering and spraying.
- Ferovit - a drug with a large amount of iron. It is preferable to use it for spraying, but you can also add water for irrigation.
Read more about fertilizing azaleas here.
What is improper irrigation?
Excessive or, on the contrary, insufficient watering of the rhododendron can lead to conditions such as:
- withered stems, flowers and leaves;
- falling of buds and inflorescences;
- instability of the ground part of the plant;
- the dying off of parts of the leaves;
- deformation of the sheet plate.
Identifying improper care is not difficult. The soil lump in the pot will shrink, gaps will form between it and the walls. Dead or rotten roots begin to emerge from the drainage holes. You may also notice a moldy smell.
How to deal with the consequences?
You can eliminate the consequences of improper, excessive watering and even necessary. This is done in several steps:
- Inspection of the root system to determine the extent of its damage.
- Removing dead or rotten roots.
- Transplant the plant into another, slightly smaller container.
- Feeding the root system with root stimulants, fungicide solution.
- If necessary, you need to trim the aboveground part (when and how to trim the azalea at home?).
If the plant, on the contrary, has dried up, it is worth immersing it in a container with suitable water and leaving it for 3-4 days. After that, take it out and place it on a tray to drain excess liquid.
In the future, it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the plant, frequent watering and, if necessary, carry out top dressing.
Caring for an azalea is actually not that difficult. The main thing is to follow all the rules of watering and then the plant will delight with abundant flowering and beautiful appearance.