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Flowers such as amaryllis and hippeastrum are often confused, because both plants have very similar volumetric flowers that resemble a gramophone trumpet. In order not to confuse these two flowers, it is necessary to learn in more detail about their botanical differences, because sometimes even sellers of flower shops can be misleading, passing off hippeastrum for amaryllis.
Amaryllis belongs to the amaryllis family and is quite common in South Africa. It is also called:
- lily of belladonna;
- lily jersey;
- march lily;
- naked lady.
From the Greek language, the name of the flower literally translates as "sparkle"... In nature, you can find only one type of amaryllis - Belladonna.
The plant is poisonous and only grows in the Karoo Desert. All other species of amaryllis were artificially bred. Belladonna flowers are slightly smaller than those of other breeding varieties, differing in light pink color.
The plant has green leaves up to 50 cm long and up to 2-3 cm wide, which are arranged in two rows. This flower does not like frost, and at the same time does not tolerate tropical conditions. The optimum temperature for it is + 18 ... + 25 degrees. The plant begins to bloom in late summer or late spring.
From the seeds of the plant, 1-2 stems appear, on which from two to twelve flowers of six petals are located. The height of the amaryllis itself is up to 60 cm. Flowers can be white, red, pink or purple with veins. Most often, this flower grows in dense clusters, which is due to the large weight of large seeds.
Interesting! Amaryllis is the name of a beautiful shepherdess from the idylls of the poet Theocritus, which were written over two thousand years ago.
We offer a visual video about the amaryllis flower:
You can find out about the appearance and structure of the amaryllis here.
Hippeastrum also belongs to the amaryllis family... In nature, this flower can be found in tropical and subtropical regions of America, including the Amazon basin. Just like amaryllis, hippeastrum grows up to 60-80 cm in length and has 2-6 flowers.
Up to three peduncles can grow from one flower bulb. The color of flowers can be very different - lilac, orange, white, pink. The flowers themselves are quite large - their length can reach 25 cm. The flowering period of the hippeastrum is spring (March-April). If the plant is grown at home, then flowering can occur at any time of the year.
Hippeastrum, with proper care, can live 15-20 years, while flowering will be annual. If conditions are very comfortable, the bulb may release a second flowering arrow.
After much debate, scientists have developed a classification of hippeastrum, which is based on the origin, flowering time, size and shape of the flower. There are hybrids in the classification:
- with ammaralis belladonna;
- with double flowers;
- with long tubular flowers;
- with hippeastrum Regina;
- Leopold hybrids;
- with orchid flowers.
In addition, there are wild species that are actively cultivated and varieties that are not included in the previous groups.
More information in the video about hippeastrum:
Why are they often confused?
These two flowers are often confused. This is due to the fact that they are really similar in many factors. In both plants, flowers are located on a high stem, where they bloom. In addition, the inflorescences are quite similar to each other. Both amaryllis and hippeastrum reproduce with:
What is the difference: information and photos
Despite the fact that these plants belong to the same genus Amaryllis, they have many special characteristics. Finding the differences between amaryllis and hippeastrum is not difficult if you pay attention to the photos below and the table "Differences".
|Genus||Has only 1 view.||There are more than 90 types.|
|Origin||Brought from Africa.||Bred artificially.|
|Appearance||The bulbs are pear-like, smooth. Daughter bulbs can often be seen.||The bulbs are slightly elongated, round, scaly. Daughter bulbs almost never exist.|
|Care||It tolerates cold well.||Does not tolerate low temperatures.|
|Growth and flowering||It can be grown both in the garden and on the windowsill. Seeds germinate in 8 weeks. During flowering, which occurs only once a year, there are no leaves on the stem. A pleasant aroma comes from the inflorescences.||It can only be grown on a windowsill, on the south side. Seed germination is observed after 2 weeks. The plant blooms several times a year. Flowers have little or no aroma.|
The reasons for the lack of flowering and the stimulation of the appearance of buds can be found here.
In the photo amaryllis flower:
And this is hippeastrum:
Features of home care
Both of these flowers are unpretentious... They are grown in small pots and replanted every 3-4 years. Both amaryllis and hippeastrum do not like too much watering, which can lead to rotting and subsequent death of the bulb. Both of these plants are thermophilic - the pots with them should be placed on the south side, but you should not allow direct sunlight.
Reference! After the plant fades and begins to enter the resting phase, it must be gradually weaned off watering and the leaves must be cut off. While in the resting phase, both amaryllis and hippeastrum do not need care.
Read about how to care for amaryllis at home in order for the flower to delight with its beauty, read here.
How to tell the difference: easy, simple ways
There are several ways to tell the difference between the two.:
- Examine the leaves carefully. Amaryllis leaves are narrow and smooth, with a groove. Hippeastrum, on the other hand, has wide, hard foliage.
- The number of flowers. On the amaryllis, you can count 6-12 flowers, and on the hippeastrum - 2-6.
- Flowering period. Amaryllis blooms for 30-40 days, and hippeastrum for two months.
- Stem. The stem of the Belladonna lily is fleshy and full, while in the hippeastrum it is hollow inside.
- Amaryllis is quite difficult to find, it is often grown by collectors. Hippeastrum is more common.
- Hippeastrum can be of almost any color - the number of shades reaches two thousand.
As you can see, in fact, amaryllis and hippeastrum have quite a few differences. Knowing how these plants look and bloom, you can easily distinguish them from each other and grow exactly the type that you need.
We offer you to watch an informative video about amaryllis and hippeastrum: