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Flower growers - amateurs seeking to reproduce a corner of the "Garden of Eden" around themselves, should pay attention to the hybrid geranium.
This perennial shrub with an extensive palette of colors is easy to grow. The main thing is to follow simple rules of care. This article describes in detail the varieties of hybrid geranium and the features of its cultivation.
Botanical description and history of selection
Hybrid geranium is a frost-resistant shrub with large flowers of various colors: from white to dark burgundy. It grows both in hot and temperate climates and in northern regions. The plant is unpretentious, resistant to diseases, has a long flowering period. It blooms from May to October, depending on the variety. Bush height: 30-90 centimeters. Propagated by rhizomes or small nodules that form on them.
Among the variety of colors, the hybrid geranium does not have yellow and orange colors.
Geranium is native to South Africa. From there, at the end of the 17th century, this flower was brought to Europe and had only one color - red. It was then that various hybrids began to appear, and by the next century the breeders had in their "piggy bank":
- dwarf plants up to 20 cm high;
- varieties with double flowers, which are highly decorative due to serrated petals;
- white, pink, burgundy and bicolor geranium specimens.
In Russia, the plant became widespread only in the 19th century. Russian breeders are constantly working on the development of promising hybrids. Their task is to obtain plants with new traits and qualities:
- by aroma, color and diameter of the flower;
- flowering duration;
- bush shape;
- resistance to different climatic conditions;
Now there are more than 300 types of geraniums.
Description of appearance
Florists love this plant for its ease of growing and interesting color.... There is a hybrid geranium with a bright color in the center of the flower and "muted" at the edges. But there are varieties with a completely opposite color combination: a light tone in the center and juicy at the edges.
The flower has 5 large petals, collected in loose, spreading inflorescences. The leaves of the plant alternate with each other: rounded in outline, graceful feathery and openwork carved on long petioles. In some varieties of geranium, the leaves are covered with soft hairs, which gives them velvety and nobility.
The rhizomes are thick, superficial and branched, due to which the plant is able to independently extract water and nutrients from the soil for itself.
Of the whole variety of geranium varieties, the most popular varieties among flower growers are distinguished.
This variety is considered one of the best. The bush is tall, reaching a height of 90 centimeters. At the same time, it is formed in the form of a hemisphere and does not require support, it blooms from mid-June to October. Not picky about leaving. If you cut off the flowers after the first flowering, then Patricia will delight you with the reappearance of green leaves and new petals. The color is pink, lilac or purple with a dark inner pharynx.
We offer you to watch the video of geranium Patricia:
The variety is no less popular, it is distinguished by early and long flowering: from May to frost. Height - 60 cm. Unlike Patricia, the flowers are not bright, pale pink or light blue with veins on the petals. With the onset of autumn, the green leaves turn brown, which gives an additional decorative effect. The variety easily tolerates even severe frosts.
We offer you to watch a video about the Blue Blood geranium:
Rosemur or splendid
Unlike the previous two varieties, this bush is low - 45 cm and not spreading - 35 cm. But its flowers are larger - 5 cm in diameter and differ in lilac-blue color with veins and a pink throat.
We suggest you watch the video about the Rosemur geranium:
The variety is interesting in that it has no equal in flower size - 6 cm... It has an unusual purple hue and a pleasant long-lasting aroma. The bush is loose and not high - 40 cm, drought-resistant and winters well in northern conditions.
We require minimal maintenance. It blooms from late May until the first frost. The flowers are light purple in color. Plant height - 30 cm. Resistant to diseases. Suitable for decorating flower beds, ridges, alpine slides.
We offer you to watch a video about the plant Geranium hybrid Roseanne:
Since geranium is an unpretentious plant, only a few simple conditions should be observed when planting.
Lighting and location
Geranium is planted in a sunny and dry place... A high bed or slide is best. But partial shade is also a good place for geraniums.
The plant grows rapidly, so the distance between the bushes is 50 - 60 cm. There should be no stagnation of water at the planting site.
Geranium will look good if planted next to stones. Since the bushes are highly decorative, they are placed in a conspicuous place. It is also possible to decorate borders and mixed flower beds with flowers. Geranium bushes grow in one place for 5-7 years without transplanting.
There are no special requirements for the soil. The optimal soil structure is a light, loose soil with a small amount of humus. But nutrient-rich soil (high in organic fertilizers) will not harm the plant either. In such a soil, the bushes will grow faster and bloom at the end of spring, and if you add sand and peat to the soil, then they will surpass any expectations in terms of picturesqueness.
Features of care and reproduction
Another of the positive characteristics of growing geraniums is simple care, including:
- watering immediately after planting the plant and moderate moisture saturation as the soil dries;
- loosening the earth or mulching;
- rare weed control (geranium suppresses weed on its own);
- one-time feeding with nitrogen fertilizers around the bushes (dusting with ash);
- removal of dried leaves and flowers.
Geranium propagation is carried out in one of the following ways:
- dividing the rhizome in early spring or late autumn, or by the separation of small nodules from the rhizome (they are also planting material);
- cuttings, for which they cut off the upper part of the branch, put it in the water and, after the appearance of the roots, drop it in a shady place;
- dividing the bush, that is, they dig up young shoots, plant them in a permanent place; it is believed that this is the most convenient way of reproduction, since the plant is characterized by good survival rate and young shoots will bloom the next year;
- seeds, but this process requires increased attention to the ripening of seeds (it is important not to skip the harvesting period until they turn black), when multiplying in this way, the risk of loss of varietal traits remains.
So, a simple agricultural technique for growing hybrid geraniums is suitable even for novice flower growers - amateurs who want to create a garden of continuous flowering with their own hands. And the pleasant aromatic substances possessed by this plant, from spring to autumn, will saturate the air and have a beneficial effect on the health of the body.