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Low-growing marigolds are in great demand among gardeners. These flowers have a variety of colors and shapes, undemanding to growing conditions. They can decorate any flower bed, park, square or square.
Currently, more than thirty varieties of this species are known. This article describes in detail the varieties of low-growing marigolds, recommendations for their care are given.
History of appearance
New types of marigolds are being developed by breeders. This is aimed at improving landscape design, as this plant is one of the most successful compositional solutions for decoration. The variety is actively used in various industries.
Botanical description, colors, other characteristics
Low-growing marigold is an annual plant, reaching a height of about 20 to 45 cm. This type of tagetes has straight branched stems and feathery leaves of a bright green hue.
The plant begins to bloom in 2 months from the moment of sowing the seeds. The buds are one-color and two-color. Inflorescences-baskets can be yellow, orange, scarlet, bright red, rarely brown. The petals are velvety to the touch. The flowers are large, with an average size of 2 to 12 cm in diameter.
Marigolds have a rather strong herbaceous smell. It's hard to know how enjoyable he is. Some people may like it, others may not. But this aroma is able to kill pathogenic bacteria due to the action of phytoncides (read more about the beneficial properties of marigolds and contraindications to them here).
Low-growing marigold varieties are divided into several groups, differing in height: high, medium, low and very low.
Varietal names, description
Large-flowered varieties look very impressive from a distance. Here are a few of them:
- Queen Sofia... These marigolds grow up to 20-30 cm. Terry flowers are orange, with golden edging. The size of the flower can reach up to 7-8 cm in diameter.
- Bolero... This variety has a height of 30 cm. Terry rich yellow inflorescences are bordered by a red-brown rim. The plant blooms from July to early autumn.
- Antigua orange... Flowers of rich orange color in the shape of a ball. The size reaches 12 cm in diameter.
- Lemon... The bush can grow up to 20 cm. Large flowers reach up to 8 cm in size. They have a lemon-yellow hue. The petals are twisted like a chrysanthemum. Leaves are elongated, dissected in the form of feathers. Marigolds of this variety can be grown anywhere.
- Mandarin. The height of this plant is 25 cm. The bushes look compact, branching densely. Dark green narrow leaves are located on the shoots. Large ligulate flowers are similar in shape to a carnation, grow up to 7 cm in diameter. They are colored bright orange. They can bloom thickly and for a long time. The flowering period is from June to the first frost.
- Durango B... Height - 20-25 cm. The shoots on the bush are erect, and the lateral stems branch. The variety is distinguished by rather large flowers that can reach up to 20 cm. They have a bright orange-yellow color.
Among the yellow undersized marigolds, the following varieties are most often found:
- Bonanza Yellow... Bush 15-20 cm high. Bright yellow flowers are densely located on the shoots. Blooms from April to October. The variety is resistant to unfavorable weather. Can be planted both in pots and in flower beds.
- Lemon Jam... It has a height of up to 35 cm. Light yellow double flowers bloom densely on branched shoots. Their size is average. It can grow in any conditions. The flowering period is from early summer to late autumn. Loves a lot of sunlight. The variety is drought tolerant.
- Petit Gold. The height of the bush is only 30 cm. Dark green narrow leaves of a dissected shape densely cover the shoot. Double rounded flowers have a golden color. Blooms from early summer to hard frosts.
- Lulu... Plant height - 30 cm. Branches on the bushes begin to grow at the very base. Narrow leaves of a hemispherical shape. Yellow inflorescences of a golden hue are small in size - only 2-3 cm. Consist of five reed flowers.
- Yellow baby... The bush can grow to a maximum of 20 cm. Medium-sized lemon-yellow flowers. The flowers are unusual in that their middle in the form of loops is located on round velvet petals. The growth is very fast. They love light areas, but can grow in slightly shaded areas.
- Golden age. Height - 25 cm. On the shoots are dissected leaves. Terry golden-yellow inflorescences up to 6 cm in diameter look like a carnation. They emit a pungent odor. This variety loves warmth and light, and is not resistant to frost.
- Bonanza Gold... The shrub has a height of 20-25 cm. Saturated yellow double flowers can be from 5 to 7 cm in diameter. These marigolds love sunny areas. They tolerate low nighttime temperatures and slight frosts.
Look at the photo of how the undersized look, including the large-flowered varieties of this flower:
Low-growing marigolds can be planted as seeds in open ground or using seedlings. In order for flowering to begin earlier, you need to grow seedlings.
It is better to plant in open ground in May, because seedlings can die at low temperatures. The seeds are buried 1 cm in the ground.
Before planting, the soil must be prepared.
- Poor soil is fertilized with humus and superphosphates.
- Pits 4-5 cm deep are harvested for seeds.
- The soil should be moistened.
- The seeds are evenly scattered and buried.
The first shoots may appear in 5-10 days.
It is necessary to take into account the height of the bush. Low-growing varieties should be planted according to the 20x20 cm scheme.
In order for tagetis to bloom at the beginning of summer, you need to prepare seeds for seedlings in March-April. For seed germination, you should prepare a loose mixture of peat, turf, humus and river sand. The components should be taken in different proportions.
- At the bottom of the container there is a drainage layer of fine gravel, expanded clay or crushed stone, not less than 3 cm.
- To disinfect the soil, a solution of potassium permanganate is used.
- The container for seedlings must be filled with soil, 2-3 cm are left from the edge. Furrows 1.5-2 cm deep are made with a distance of 3 cm.
- Seeds must be covered with 1 cm of soil.
- The container must be covered with glass or polyethylene and left warm, the temperature must be at least 20-22 °.
- After the appearance of the first leaves, the seedlings are planted in separate containers for full development.
You can use a spoon to remove the seedlings from the ground. Planting ready-made seedlings in open ground begins in late May or early June. Marigolds are also grown in pots.
Marigolds transplant well even in flowering state. The main thing at this time is to water them abundantly.
Low-growing marigolds are undemanding to conditions, so it is not difficult to care for them. They love to grow in the shade.
It is necessary to provide watering, weed out the area and loosen the soil once a week. Regular loosening improves the appearance of marigolds and encourages the rapid formation of flowers. Dried baskets are best cut off. This will allow new flower buds to appear and extend the flowering time.
Plant feeding is recommended. Two weeks after planting in open ground, marigolds need to be fertilized with a urea solution in the proportion: 1 tablespoon to 2.5 liters of water. When fertilizing, the amount of nitrogen must be observed. In excess, it will only contribute to the growth of the greenery of the bush. The second time the plant needs to be fed when the buds appear.
These plants are resistant to diseases and pests. But in a rainy summer, or if you water it too much, gray rot can form on the shoots and leaves. Diseased bushes must be removed from the flower bed. With high humidity, slugs can also appear on the bushes. In the fight against them, a solution of bleach helps well. You need to place small containers between the flower beds.
Strong odor will ward off pests... In dry times, there is a risk of a spider mite attack. Therefore, it is important to regulate soil moisture. If the pest has already appeared on marigolds, then you can treat them with an infusion of hot red pepper, yarrow or onions.
Low-growing marigolds are widespread among ornamental plants that do not require special care. Any novice gardener can plant them.