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Queen of orchids - Wanda: description, varieties, home care

Queen of orchids - Wanda: description, varieties, home care



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Vanda is a flower of incredible beauty and color from the Orchid family. Orchids are rather capricious herbaceous plants, so they need a special approach and respect.

A number of factors that affect the development of a plant at home are also important. This article describes in detail the varieties of orchids, gives recommendations for growing and caring for plants.

History of origin, origin and place of residence

Wanda originates from Tropical Asia, Australia and the Philippines. In ancient India, where the name of the orchid comes from, the leaves of the flower were used to prepare some medicines.

Now these plants are common in continental Southwest Asia, Indonesia, in the north of Australia. This orchid species was named so by Sir William Jones in 1795.

Wanda is of great value and crosses easily, so there are many hybrids.

Description

These orchids are perennial herbaceous plants that grow in humid tropical locations.

The flower has the following external data:

  1. Flowers can vary in shape and color. Located on a non-branching stem. The color can be solid or speckled.
  2. The petals of the flower are located, as it were, in the same plane.
  3. The stem is cylindrical, the flowers are arranged in two rows.
  4. Leaves are fleshy or not very fleshy, belt-shaped and ovoid, and intense or bluish-green in color. The thickness of the leaves is due to the storage of water in them. Depending on the variety, they reach lengths from 25-30 cm to 70.
  5. Due to growth on rocks or host plants, the species has aerial roots (up to 1 m) of a silvery-gray color.
  6. Inflorescence is a brush. Blooming flowers are still gaining brightness for a couple of days and continue to increase.

If the aerial roots are damaged, the plant will die.

Cut Vandas can stay fresh for up to 2 weeks.

What is the difference from other species?

A huge variety of different types of orchids grow in almost every apartment around the world. Orchid Vanda differs from the "rest" by its wonderful aerial roots, which are able to assimilate water not from the substrate, but directly from the air.

And they are also exceptional for their attractive appearance that adorns any bouquet or interior.

Varieties with photos

Vanda coerulescens blue

Or bluish Wanda. A small species with long thin leaves that are collected in a rosette.

On short peduncles there are small, fragrant, long-lived flowers with a pale blue color. Distinctive feature - lip, painted with blue markings.

Suarez, or tender (Suaris)

This variety stands out for its large size and unusual colors. Milky petals with bright purple dots, specks and stripes, the lip has a rich purple hue.

The leaves are narrow and dark green in color.

Tricolor

A tricolor plant, rather large and dense, with leaves 25-40 cm high. Flowers are collected in clusters of up to 10 pieces. The shape of the flowers resembles a five-pointed star.

The color of the petals is usually white with red or burgundy blotches. The lip has a pink tint.

Comb (Cristata)

Tall appearance with very long belt-shaped leaves. The flowers are beautiful and pleasantly scented. The petals are corrugated yellow or bright red, the lip is large, lilac.

Great (Insignis)

Epiphyte with evergreen elongated foliage. When blooming occurs, flowers appear brown-yellow in color. The lip is rounded, pink.

Fuchs

The variety is distinguished by the presence of spotting on the petals and lip of the flower. The color ranges from blue-violet to pink-red.

Gordon dillon

The leaves on the stem are arranged in two rows and are light green in color. The flowers are of an unusual rounded shape. The color is predominantly purple with a grid of white spots, like a cheetah.

Kultana

Another hybrid up to 60 cm high. Large flowers are purple with a net of white streaks... There are about 25 flowers in the inflorescence.

Roberts delight

Another orchid hybrid with pink flowers. In racemose inflorescences there are usually up to 25 flowers. Loves well-lit places.

Rothschildiana

A hybrid of Wanda blue and Sandera. Flowers can be painted in colors blue and cyan, have a mesh pattern on the petals and are resistant to cold. They can bloom up to 6 weeks.

Sansai blue

An unpretentious orchid that will brighten up your everyday life with its bright blue flowers.

Such flowers will delight the eye for up to 2 months.

Monster

A very strong and tall plant. The flowers are large and fragrant. Due to its large weight and size, the orchid requires a garter.

Reverend masao yamada

A bright representative with a beautiful flower shape, thanks to the progenitor Vanda sanderiana.

Trikim

It is native to Thailand and Burma, where the plant is known as Nued-Pram-Lum-Dum. The birthplace of Vanda suavis is Bali.

The hybrid was obtained by breeding the species Vanda suavis and Vanda kimballiana.

It is characterized by slightly convoluted petals and a more distinct division of the distal part of the lip into two lobes.

Bloom

When and how does it happen?

Under natural conditions, peduncles of such orchids appear every couple of months. Individual flowers can live up to 2-3 weeks. And the flowering itself will last up to 3 months.

Difficulties with the appearance of color arise when the plant is trying to grow at home. It's all about proper care. If you maintain the necessary temperature and humidity, then everything will be fine.

Caring before and after this process

Before flowering, the orchid should be fed daily with a special Orchid fertilizer. During the budding period, 1 g of potassium monophosphate is added to the fertilizer.

To determine the sufficiency of feeding, you need to pay attention to the light strip at the site of the formation of a new leaf. If the strip is 1 cm, then everything is in order. Smaller or wider - you need to rethink the approach.

When the plant has bloomed, you need to cut the peduncles and keep the roots in a state with less moisturewhile soaking the roots once a week. After that, you need to place it in favorable conditions and continue with your usual care.

What if it doesn't form buds?

Perhaps this is due to:

  1. Lack of light.
  2. The difference between day and night temperatures is less than 8 degrees.
  3. Overfeeding with nitrogen.
  4. Insufficient moisture.

Wanda lovers are often interested in how to make the plant bloom. The situation can be corrected by revising the regime of keeping the plant and feeding it.

Home care: step by step instructions

Growing such orchids is far from easy and it is worthwhile to approach the study of all the rules thoroughly.

Choosing a landing site

Vanda Orchid - light-loving plant... You need to light it for 10-12 hours a day. Due to lack of sun, the orchid will not bloom. In the summer, it is better to place the pot on the east window, and in the winter on the south windowsill. It is better to keep the flower from direct sunlight.

Preparing the soil and pot

A plant like Wanda does not need soil or a pot. It can be kept in a hanging basket without substrate.

If you like it more when the flower grows the old fashioned way, then you can "plant" it. A substrate made up of moss and pine bark is suitable for this.

The substrate may also contain:

  • perlite;
  • sand;
  • cork;
  • expanded clay;
  • coal.

Instead of a pot, you can find a wide, flat container with large holes.

  • Illumination: you need to place the plant on the south side, but do not allow direct sunlight.

    In winter, or at any other time with insufficient lighting, you need to install additional lamps.

  • Temperature: depends on the specific species, but in general it is + 22-28 degrees during the day and at least +14 at night.
  • Air humidity: 60 - 80%, should be slightly higher during the day than at night.

Watering

In summer, the plant should be placed in a container of warm water every day. In this case, the water temperature should be 5-6 degrees higher than the air temperature.

In winter, watering is done every 2-3 days.

If the orchid is in a pot, you can pour warm water into the pan.

Top dressing

For this purpose, special fertilizers for orchids are used, but they will need to be diluted 3 times. The solution should be sprayed on the leaves and roots once a week.

Transfer

You need to change the pot when he already "presses" Wanda. This means that when the air roots no longer fit, you need to replace the container with another one with a large volume.

We offer you to watch a video on how to properly transplant the Wanda orchid:

Care and growing in a glass flask or vase

Wanda in glass will look very beautiful and accentuate the interior. It is necessary to choose a vessel widened downwards and narrowed at the top.so that the plant can feel more free.

For such a pot, no substrate is needed; the flower is placed directly in a glass vessel. Of course, you can arrange the soil, but why, if it turns out very beautifully? The frequency of watering depends on the humidity in the room.

For watering, you must remove the plant from the flask, and then dry it and return it back. The roots are nourished by immersion in a basin of warm water.

In such glass vessels as flasks and vases there is a problem with ventilation, so you need to ventilate them, and the container itself should be additionally disinfected from fungi and infections.

How to propagate?

The orchid can only reproduce vegetatively:

  • By division.
    1. It is necessary to separate the shoots that have already formed their own roots. Nitrogen can be added to stimulate their growth.
    2. The separated individuals are planted in a pot with a substrate. Often, flowers that are planted correctly will emit peduncles.
  • Cuttings.
    1. There is a large distance between the nodes of the shoots, so it will not be difficult to separate it. The cutting tool must be processed so as not to infect the plant.
    2. After the end of the procedure, it is necessary to sprinkle the "wounds" with crushed ash.
    3. And plant a new plant in a separate container. The stalk must be in the substrate.

All about diseases and pests

False spider mites, aphids, scale insects, felt mites, thrips and mealybugs can all infect an orchid. For protection, spraying with actellik or less toxic phytoverm is used.

The main diseases of Wanda are root and fusarium rot, with a small area of ​​ u200b u200bthe lesion, they are treated with a suspension of foundationol by watering and spraying, while improving the conditions of detention.

Prevention of various problems

To avoid problems with the flower you need:

  1. Remove yellowed leaves and dead roots in a timely manner.
  2. Monitor watering and moisture to avoid waterlogging and decay of the trunk.
  3. To prevent the leaves from turning yellow, monitor the temperature around the plant. This is due to overheating.

Such a gorgeous flower requires nothing less than a royal attitude and attention. Therefore, it is important to know all the nuances before breeding or thinking about buying a Wanda orchid. Now your luggage is replenished with knowledge and failures will not overtake you!


Watch the video: Vanda Orchid Info: How To Grow Vanda Orchids In The Home (August 2022).