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Dendrobium is an exquisite guest from the tropics. How to organize proper orchid care at home?

Dendrobium is an exquisite guest from the tropics. How to organize proper orchid care at home?


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Dendrobium is a herbaceous perennial plant of the Orchid family. There are more than 1200 species in the genus Dendrobium. All of them differ in flower shape, foliage color and arrangement of flowers on the stem. Translated from Greek "dendrobium" means "living on a tree.

Indeed, the dendrorium is an epiphyte (a plant that lives on a tree). Although there are some species that grow on rocks and rocks. These plants can be found in Indonesia, China, Vietnam, the Himalayas. Some types of dendrobium are found among indoor plants. Since dendrobium is a tropical plant, there are some nuances in caring for it.

How to properly care for the Nobile (Noble) flower?

For indoor cultivation, dendrobium Nobile or Noble was bred. This type is the most popular among florists. Dendrobium transplant is carried out in three cases:

  • if salinization of the substrate occurs;
  • if there is a need to increase the volume of the pot;
  • if the transplant has not been carried out for more than 2 years.

For transplanting, you cannot choose a pot that is much larger than the previous one.:

  1. The new substrate should be as similar in structure to the previous dendrobium soil as possible.
  2. It is necessary to cut off rotting, soft and dark roots with a sterilized knife.
  3. After transplanting, the plant must be placed in a place with high humidity and diffused light.
  4. During the day, dendrobium cannot be watered, this time is given to it in order to restore damaged roots.

The houseplant cycle begins with the emergence of new flowers. This period is called the "growing season". Dendrobium is quite unpretentious and it is not very difficult to take care of it. The main thing:

  • correct light mode;
  • watering;
  • maintaining a stable temperature.

Particular attention in caring for dendrobium should be paid to the roots and leaves. Typically, the orchid releases a large number of aerial roots, which sometimes stretch to the pallet and can fix on it.

Under no circumstances should you try to shove the roots back into the pot! Dendrobium leaves should be wiped and dust-free. Usually, after flowering, the orchid sheds its leaves.

What kind of land is needed and what kind of pot, where to place the plant?

At home, an eastern, northern, northeastern window sill is suitable for the location of the dendrobium.

Avoid the south side and do not turn the plant towards the sun. Dendrobium is grown in special blocks or flower pots. Flowering plants do not have to be placed on the windowsill, it can be located not far from the window. And after the end of flowering, the orchid needs to be transplanted.

It is best to choose clay pots as they provide the plant with stability during growth. Here is what kind of soil mixture a plant needs: as a rule, it contains not earth, but pine bark. The substrate for the plant should have an optimal acidity pH 5.5 - 6.5.

Attention! If the air in the room is too dry, a little moss is also added to the substrate.

It is better not to disturb the plant, you can think about transplanting 3 years after flowering. Dendrobium also does not need to trim the leaves and shape.

Lighting

Dendrobium is a very light-loving and thermophilic plant, absolutely does not tolerate darkened rooms. The duration of daylight hours for him is at least 12 hours. The flower needs a lot of bright daytime color, however, avoid direct sunlight (this can lead to leaf burns, yellowing and falling off). This is necessary for the normal organization of the natural process - photosynthesis.

It is allowed to place it on the southern windowsill only in the autumn-winter period. Also in winter, special lamps may be required for additional lighting. + 4 hours to natural light. Dendrobium takes root well at room temperature.

Watering

During the growth period, dendrobium needs active watering (every 3-4 days). After the plant enters the stable phase, active watering should be reduced to once a week.

It is very important not to pour dendrobium, since in natural conditions the plant is not used to being in humid conditions. Use a long-nosed watering can for watering. Spraying of the plant is carried out only in extreme heat.

When watering, do not allow water to get on young bulbs. This will certainly lead to their decay.

Temperature

Under natural conditions, the plant grows in a subtropical climate, so dendrobium feels very comfortable at room temperature. An orchid may not survive low temperatures... Each type of plant has its own requirements for temperature conditions. All dendrobium plants can be roughly divided into six groups according to the temperature conditions optimal for growing.

Each of the groups has its own temperature requirements. However, most dendrobium subspecies are thermophilic.

In summer, the normal temperature for dendrobium is 20-25 ° C, in winter 16-18 ° C. During the active growth phase, it is recommended to expose the plant to fresh air.

Important! Temperatures below 0 ° C lead to the death of the plant. Dendrobium does not tolerate a sharp change in temperature. Remember, with high humidity, you need to regularly ventilate the room. Drafts should also be avoided.

Fertilizer

The orchid is fed during the growing period (from April to September) about 2-4 times a month. For feeding, a special fertilizer for orchids and a general mineral complex for all plants are suitable.

One of the popular fertilizers for orchids is Kemira Lux. Fertilizers are also popular:

  • Bona Forte.
  • Uniflor-growth.
  • Uniflor-bud.

Many experts use organic fertilization of orchids: bird droppings and horse manure.

Fertilizing orchids will only be beneficial if applied over a moist substrate. Otherwise, you may be faced with a root burn. The best way to feed dendrobium is more often and in small doses. For orchids, you need to carry out both root and foliar feeding.

There is one important detail - the concentration of the mixture that you use for feeding should be half the amount recommended by the fertilizer manufacturer. And in fertilizer Camera-Lux, you should take a concentration three times less than the recommended one. Because a strong concentration of the subcortex can lead to disease and destruction of the root system.

A photo

In the photo you can see the Nobile indoor dendrobium, which is being properly cared for.





Possible problems

Very often you can face such problems as:

  • lack of flowering;
  • falling leaves;
  • rotting roots;
  • yellow leaves.

All this happens due to improper watering, or not enough good lighting.

Reference. On average, dendrobium blooms from two to three months, but these periods depend on the individual plant variety.

Sometimes pests can be encountered. Usually dendrobium is susceptible to attack:

  • tick;
  • mealybug;
  • aphids;
  • scabbards.

Quite often, parasites infect dendrobium even in the store. Only chemical treatment of dendrobium will help get rid of pests. Therefore, when purchasing a flower, you should carefully examine it for the presence of pests and fungi. And also check if the roots are rotting.

Dendrobium is a very beautiful plant and, with proper care, will undoubtedly delight you with exquisite flowers. One has only to gently adapt this tropical flower to indoor living conditions. When leaving, be sure to pay attention to:

  • watering;
  • light;
  • the temperature of the plant.


Watch the video: Orchid Care for Beginners - What to do after Phalaenopsis blooms fall? Cutting spike u0026 aftercare (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Domenico

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  2. Fetaur

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  3. Moss

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  4. Adil

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  5. Cebriones

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