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What is Thompson's Clerodendrum plant? All the nuances of caring for a flower at home

What is Thompson's Clerodendrum plant? All the nuances of caring for a flower at home


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Clerodendrum Thompson is a bright indoor flower that not only decorates the interior, but according to numerous beliefs, is considered a good omen. This plant is popularly called the "tree of fate" or "pure love". Currently, 450 varieties of the flower are known.

Many landscape designers use clerodendrum when decorating parks, squares and gardens, planting a plant along with other flowers, building a single composition on a flower bed.

Botanical description and history of origin

Clerodendrum Thompson belongs to the Verbenov class, a deciduous flower. The plant has a peculiar shape - the branches are woven in the form of vines. Clerodendrum originates from the tropics of Asia, South America and Africa. Many people use it to decorate park and garden plots, but the flower can be used as a houseplant.

In the wild, flower shoots quickly grow stiff and can grow up to 4 meters, in a room - grow by 2 meters in a year. The leaves are painted in a bright green tone, have a heart-shaped shape, with pointed ends, oppositely located on the stem. The length of the leaf can reach 15-20 cm.

Strong veins on the sheet surface create the appearance of a quilted surface. Edges are either solid or serrated. Some varieties of the plant are more decorative, due to the variegated deciduous mass.

A photo

Here you can see how the flower looks in the photo:

What sort?

The plant has the following qualities:

  • growing rapidly;
  • the stems quickly turn stiff;
  • in winter the flower sheds its leaves;
  • vines and various branches are growing rapidly;
  • the flowers are heart-shaped with bright red corollas.

Notable plant varieties are After blooming and Albo marginata. The first is famous for the light purple color of the stipule, the second for the superiority of the light yellow tone over the green.

Flowering features

When and how does it bloom?

Because of its beautiful and long-lasting flowering, Clerodendrum Thompson has become a popular houseplant. Flowering starts from March to April and ends in September and October. In the buds of the leaves located on the lateral stems, buds appear that resemble bunches. They exude a pleasant and persistent scent. In total, the brush includes from 8 to 20 flowers.

White bracts in the shape of a lantern and a small scarlet corolla from which yellow stamens up to 3 cm long grow, make the plant truly unique. The bract remains on the stem for 3-4 months, changing color to pink, and then to purple. The corolla fades quickly.

The clerodendrum bush at the final stage of its flowering becomes like a lilac, both externally and emitted by the aroma. A small orange fruit appears in the flower section, which has an oval shape up to 1 cm long. There is only one seed in the box.

Why doesn't this happen sometimes?

The plant will bloom beautifully, amaze with its unusual shape and brightness of the buds, if you follow all the standards of caring for it. In some situations, flowering does not occur and the stem is not covered with inflorescences. This is due to the following reasons:

  • improper care in the winter season;
  • lack of sunlight;
  • lack of nutrients in the soil.

All of these factors can be corrected. It is important to remember that the flower is prepared for wintering in the fall, when the growth period of the vines ends. The fertilization period is interrupted, as well as watering. The pot of clerodendrum is moved to a cool area where the temperature is between 10 and 16 degrees.

The scion may lose its flow, but this is not dangerous for the flower. It survives the winter and will again be covered with foliage and flowers in the spring. When the day is profitable, you need to resume feeding and watering so that the plant does not die.

Clerodendrum will be saved from the lack of solar heat by daily lighting for several hours. And from a lack of nutrients in the soil, it is recommended to make special increments for indoor plants once every 2 weeks.

How to make it bloom?

The lush flowering of the plant depends on compliance with the normswhich are required for the clerodendrum for proper development. The gardener needs to know how to water the plant, maintain the required humidity, and choose the right soil and pot.

The room temperature and the location of the flower itself are also important. Do not forget about pruning, which ensures the development of new shoots. In addition, the condition of the plant in the winter season will play an important role. It is during this stage that the clerodendrum recovers and gains strength for the next year.

Attention! The lack of warm wintering can have a bad effect on the condition of the flower and the subsequent set of buds. High temperatures and lack of sunlight also negatively affect the development of the plant.

Plant care at home

Landing

Thompson's Clerodendrum needs to be planted in late February - early March. It was at this time that he was full of strength for development and flowering. The plant needs diffused but bright light. The best place for it would be the sill of the western and eastern windows.

In addition, you need to organize a little shading so that the sunlight does not burn the flowers just starting to grow. If the plant is located in the northern part, then it most likely will not bloom due to the lack of sunlight.

Requirements for soil, pot, habitat, lighting

To grow a flower, you need a slightly acidic and permeable soil. It is recommended to use a prepared substrate for indoor plants.

In order to mix the earth yourself, you will need the following ingredients:

  • leafy soil - 2 parts;
  • coconut fiber - 1 part;
  • sand - 1 part.

At the bottom of the pot, you need to place drainage - ground brick, expanded clay or fine gravel. Drainage protects the flower from the effects of moisture. The desiccant layer should be up to one fifth of the pot. The plant does not tolerate direct sunlight and strong gusts of wind.

Requirements for humidity, watering, feeding

During development and flowering, the clerodendrum needs constant moisture. It is recommended to water the plant when the topsoil is dry. You don't need to flood the flower too much or keep it in an arid environment.

During winter, watering must be done carefully, since the plant is dormant. At low temperatures, the flower will slowly absorb water, so the earth dries out after a long time. Before watering, you need to settle the water at room temperature.

In addition to soil moisture, air humidity must be observed. To do this, you need to spray clerodendrum from a spray bottle.

During the growing season, the plant should be constantly fed with complex fertilizer once a week. At the onset of autumn, it is required to switch to a monthly feeding system; during the winter, fertilization is stopped.

Do you need pruning or pinching?

When a flower develops into an adult plant, it becomes necessary to prune it. This process helps to give the clerodendrum a certain shape and stimulates it to bloom for a long time. It is recommended to prune it in the spring. The shoots and vines are shortened by about a third. Before you start pruning, you need to remove the broken and diseased branches of the plant.

Young flowers don't need pruning, however, it is recommended to pinch the top of the stem. This will allow it to branch more strongly.

When the plant has bloomed for the second time in a season, you need to cut off all the peduncles. At about the same time, feeding stops. So the plant will be as ready as possible for the winter period.

In addition to pruning, it is required to constantly pluck out young root shoots that appear at the base of the stem.

Propagation by cuttings

There are two ways to propagate a plant - by seeds and cuttings. The first method is straightforward, while the second can cause problems. It is he who will be considered in more detail.

The grafting process is carried out after spring pruning. At this time, shoots suitable for planting just remain. A suitable cutting should have 3-4 internodes. The shoots can be rooted either in water or directly in the soil.

The procedure must be followed by following the instructions below.

  1. The stem must be planted in a small cup, which must be filled with loose, nutritious and moist soil.
  2. Cover the stalk with a plastic bag. This will create a small greenhouse that will provide the flower with all the conditions.
  3. After that, the glass is placed in the light area.
  4. The seedling should be ventilated by lifting the coverings. You also need to water the cutting.

After two months, the cutting takes place. This will be evidenced by small leaves that have appeared on the process. After that, you can transplant the flower into a flower bed or pot.

How to form a bush?

The correct shape of the bush is achieved by cutting off excess, rotten or broken off branches. You need to know exactly what size the flower should be, so as not to cut off excess parts of the plant. In addition, when forming a bush, you should carefully cut off the shoots, as you can accidentally cut off the buds or damage the trunk.

Difficulties, problems, diseases, pests

This plant needs careful supervision, as it reacts very painfully to mistakes in care. When growing clerodendrum such problems can arise.

  1. Falling leaves... This can be caused by poor soil moisture, poor soil, or insufficient air moisture. So that the leaves do not fall off, you need to think about caring for the plant.
  2. Appearance of yellow or brown markings... The appearance of such spots indicates a sunburn. It is required to remove the plant in partial shade.
  3. The appearance of insects... This will be evidenced by the cobweb on the leaves and their wilting. To remove insects, you need to rinse the stem under the shower. The damaged elements of the flower must be removed, and the plant itself must be treated with special insect repellents.

Clerodendrum is easy to grow; with its bright appearance, it will decorate any room, creating an atmosphere of coziness and comfort. It is only necessary to follow the rules of care and provide the flower with proper care.


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