Marigolds are not only a decoration for your garden plot, but also its protectors, because they protect the seedlings from the invasion of parasites. The attractive color and vibrant buds of the plant adorn any place.
They are not demanding in terms of conditions and care, but, like any plant, they love to be carefully looked after. This article will focus on feeding these vibrant flowers. When, how and what to fertilize the plant for active growth and lush flowering.
Do you need feeding and how does it affect the appearance of flowers?
Marigolds, like every flower, are sensitive to the influence of the external environment, although they are not whimsical. The plant must receive the required amount of trace elements for normal functioning: flowering, fruiting and growth. It is feeding that is the way to get them. If marigolds "malnourished" useful fertilizers, it will not kill them, but will significantly affect the growth process.
Important! Experts recommend feeding three times a day. With its help, you will help the flower develop larger buds, as well as extend the flowering period.
Triple feeding is a well-known practice that has been used by gardeners for a long time. Remember that when sowing and planting marigolds on open ground, it is better not to use fertilizer. And also do not forget to moisten the soil generously before sowing. Do not only do this if it has rained before.
How often and in what periods?
It is better to carry out the first feeding 2 weeks after sowing, when the flowers get stronger and are able to accept trace elements. Feeding process:
- As soon as the seedlings reach a height of 10-12 cm, you can carry out the first feeding. Use urea with water. The proportion is 1:10.
- When the first buds appear, you need to make a second feeding. This time use a solution of superphosphate and potassium sulfate. Proportion: a tablespoon of each two preparations + 10 liters of water.
- When the plant begins to bloom, proceed with the third feeding. Dissolve 1 tablespoon of nitrophoska in 10 liters of water.
What exactly do you need to fertilize the soil for abundant flowering?
- The most correct choice of feeding for marigolds would be to choose universal multicomponent fertilizers, for example "Agricola - 7". They are composed of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. In addition to the above, it is possible to use potassium sulfate, superphosphate, urea and nitrophosphate.
- You can use a homemade herbal infusion. Its recipe is as follows: collect a certain amount of grass and place it in water. Leave the mixture for a few days, let it ferment. As a medicinal herb, you can use common nettle, as well as other weeds.
- Chicken droppings can be used as a top dressing. It is sold in stores in the form of granules and is very easy to use. The recipe for the solution is simple: 1 tablespoon of the substance + 1 liter of water.
- It will be optimal to use nitroammofosk. It contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
- Onion peels can also be used to feed marigolds. It qualitatively strengthens the immunity of the flower. The husk is thrombosed tightly, then poured with boiling water and insisted for one day. Then the infusion is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5.
Attention! Never use manure to feed marigolds. Not only will this not improve the condition of the plant, but it may also reduce flowering.
If the marigolds suddenly turn black, you should urgently stop watering, and also start using copper-containing products, such as Hom (copper oxychloride).
If the marigolds are attacked by pests, insecticides are used:
- Aktara. It will help not only destroy pests, but also improve the quality of the leaves. The validity period is 2 months.
- Omine. It destroys adult insects, their eggs and larvae, and is also used against spider mites and thrips.
- Demitan. If there are a lot of spider mites, it is irreplaceable. Moreover, it can provide a longer protection period.
- Actellic. It is used in the fight against any parasites.
Optimal soil composition for good growth
Before sowing marigolds, the soil must be properly prepared. The earth should be nutritious and rich in trace elements.
- A container with soil is poured with a fungicide.
- The soil itself must be treated with a manganese solution.
- The soil must be steamed in a water bath for about one hour.
- Use the Medium Power setting in the microwave to treat the soil.
An approximate mixture for sowing marigolds:
- river sand.
The soil must be shed and insisted for about a day at a temperature of 20⁰С.
Need to know. "Black leg" is a fungal disease that affects marigolds, and especially their young shoots, if the necessary rules were not followed when planting them (what are the rules for planting marigolds?). It looks like rotting of the lower part of the stem. This disease may well destroy the seedlings.
You can find out more about what diseases and pests affect marigolds and how to get rid of them here.
How are these plants used as fertilizer for other crops?
The earth is depleted over time and loses its properties if used for a long time. So that she does not lose useful trace elements, gardeners use green fertilizers, which are marigolds. They are used by:
- When composting.
- As a mulching component.
- When preparing a liquid fertilizer.
- To improve the overall soil structure.
- For solutions used in pest and parasite control
Soil cultivation with marigolds will bring visible results only if you use them for 5-6 years. If you plant a flower around potatoes or cabbage, then clear the soil of parasites, since the smell of the flower is unbearable for them (when and how to plant marigolds?). Marigolds also save strawberries and strawberries from a nematode, a pest that kills garden crops.
It is better to feed marigolds 2-3 times a season and only when the flower reaches 10-12 cm. The best time for feeding is the period when the first buds appear or the very beginning of flowering.
Marigolds are not only a beautiful and completely unpretentious plant that pleases the eye of the hostess, but also a powerful tool that helps save your garden and vegetable garden from parasites, pests and diseases. If you take good care of the seedlings and soil, then the marigolds will delight you with their long and colorful flowering.
We offer you to watch a video on how to properly feed marigolds: