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What is a lilac orchid? Varieties, cultivation, care, diseases and pests


There are many varieties of orchids. In this article, you will get acquainted with an orchid of a noble lilac color, find out what varieties of lilac orchids exist and what are their features.

You will also find a detailed description of the appearance of these beauties, get instructions for caring for, feeding, transplanting, propagating a plant and find out what diseases and pests are dangerous for an orchid.

What are these flowers?

Definition

The lilac orchid is known as "violation"... The scientific name is "phalaenopsis violation".

The main feature of the species is lilac flowers, with a shade variation from light lilac to deep purple, it is also called a purple orchid. Flowers are completely the same color or with:

  • blotches;
  • dots;
  • stripes;
  • spots.

Description of appearance

Unlike other types of orchids, a small number of flowers appear on lilac.... The maximum flower width is 6 cm. The petals are oblong, oval in shape, their surface is smooth, waxy. Lilac orchid flowers have a pleasant, pronounced aroma - the smell is similar to:

  • freesia;
  • bergamot;
  • the smell of water lilies.

The plant blooms all year round, the peak of flowering is from spring to autumn.

Orchid leaves are elongated, elliptical, large, fleshy... In an adult plant, the leaves can be up to 30 cm long and 15 cm wide.

Varieties: description and photo

Equestris

Miniature orchid variety. Stem up to 18 cm. Peduncle about 30 cm long, produces about 15 buds. The diameter of the flower is up to 3 cm. The petals are rounded, narrowed at the base, common colors are pale lilac and lilac-pink.

The peculiarity of the equestris is the growing peduncle, during flowering it lengthens, and new buds form on it, and the old ones crumble. It blooms more often in spring and autumn, but can bloom without a dormant period.

Phalaenopsis Luddemann

Up to 7 flowers are formed on one Luddemann peduncle, with a diameter of about 6 cm. Flowers with variegated pink-violet petals, and the color is more saturated at the center of the peduncle.

With good care, it can bloom continuously all year round. Loves high temperature and humidity.

Cleopatra

The height of the plant is average, 60-70 cm.The leaves are rich green, usually from 3 to 7 pieces, 10-30 cm long. There are more often 10 flowers on the peduncle, rounded, with a diameter of 5 to 8 cm.

The main background of the petals is white with dots of lilac, pinkish and purple colors that form an unusual pattern. Flowers last up to 6 months. Blooms more often from January to June.

Here you can see what the Cleopatra orchid looks like:

Amsterdam Jordan

The peculiarity of the variety is that white petals are covered with a scattering of dots of different shades of pink and lilac, in the form of rays diverging from the center. An orchid peduncle up to 60 cm in height can branch out, forming a lush brush.

Deborah

This orchid has fleshy roots, 3-7 cm in diameter. The leaves are smooth, oval in shape. Usually it has 2-3 peduncles 55-65 cm high. The diameter of the flowers is 7-8 cm. Primary colors are red and purple... The edges of the petals are edged with white.

The opening of the flowers is consistent, so the flowering is long - from 6 to 8 weeks. It can bloom 2 times a year.

In this video you can see what Deborah's orchid looks like:

Dendrobium Phalaenopsis

In appearance, dendrobium resembles phalaenopsis, hence the name of the orchid. On the peduncle, up to 20 flowers with a diameter of 3-5 cm are formed. Moreover, in some plants, several peduncles can form from the top at once. Flowering begins with the arrival of spring and lasts 1-3 months. The colors are possible in different ways, including dark purple.

Dendrobium Nobile

The average plant height can reach 50-60 cm... The number of leaves increases every year by 1-3 pieces. Peduncles are short, several dozen flowers are formed on them. The colors are found in lilac and shades of lilac of varying degrees of brightness. Flower diameter up to 9 cm.

Step-by-step instruction

For care

The conditions for keeping a lilac orchid must meet the following requirements:

  • The room temperature should be between 15 and 25C.
  • Daylight hours 12 hours, in the cold season, the lack is compensated by artificial lighting. You should also protect it from direct sunlight.
  • The room should be ventilated, but drafts should be avoided.
  • Air humidity on average 40% -60%.
  • Watering is carried out after the substrate is completely dry.

    Important! Dry pot walls and light gray roots indicate the need for watering.

  • In order to avoid flower rotting, one should refrain from frequent and abundant watering, spraying, high humidity.
  • Substrate composition: bark, moss, charcoal.

By feeding

Lilac orchids should be fed no more than 1 time per month... For this, nitrogen, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are used. This promotes long flowering, active budding and enhanced foliage growth.

Watch a video about feeding an orchid:

By transfer

The lilac orchid is transplanted every 3 years. During this time, the substrate loses its beneficial properties. Also, a transplant is necessary when the plant pot becomes small.

It is recommended to transplant the flower in early spring before a period of active growth. Do not transplant an orchid that has released a flower arrow., as this helps to slow down the growth of the peduncle and the shedding of flower buds.

  1. The plants should be carefully removed from the pot, removing the soil from the roots.
  2. Cut off dry and rotten roots.
  3. Remove dry leaves - cut the leaf in half and pull it in different directions, thus removing it from the stem.
  4. Dry the roots for 6-8 hours.
  5. Place a flower in a dry pot with drainage and cover with a substrate.

All detailed information on orchid transplant can be found in this video:

By reproduction

Artificial methods of propagation of orchids are as follows:

  • Separation of the rhizome... Usually, the separation occurs on its own by the plant, but you can manually divide the rhizome:
    1. Remove the flower from the pot and remove the substrate from the roots.
    2. Cut the rhizome completely between the false bulbs.
    3. Sprinkle charcoal over the roots for disinfection.
    4. Plant the resulting plants in separate containers.
  • Upper cuttings... This breeding method is suitable if the areas of the shoots are at a considerable distance:
    1. Cut off the shoot at the height of half of the cutting.
    2. Disinfect the cut with charcoal.
    3. Plant the stalk in a separate container.
  • Side shoots... The grown side process should be sprayed. When it forms roots:
    1. Detach the escape.
    2. Disinfect the slice.
    3. Plant the orchid in a separate pot.
  • Seed method... This method is rarely used, since the orchid has small seeds that do not have nutritive tissue. In this case, an orchid from a sprout grows into an adult plant after about 3 years, and begins to bloom after 10 years.

A detailed description of all orchid breeding methods in this video plot:

Pests and diseases

Fungal, bacterial, viral types of diseases are characteristic of lilac orchids.

Due to the dense foliage, pests rarely damage the flower, but if not properly cared for, they are dangerous for orchids:

  • red flat tick;
  • mealybug;
  • flat body;
  • spider mites;
  • shield.

Diseases and pests are effectively removed by folk methods and chemicals.

You can find out about diseases and pests of orchids, as well as how to deal with them, here:

Lilac orchid is presented in a rich palette of shades... She also pleases with a long and fragrant flowering. Those who want to grow it require competent care, compliance with the above rules.


Watch the video: Florida Orchid Growing Part 4: Diseases and Pests (May 2021).