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Before settling this tropical beauty at home, you need to learn as much as possible about caring for this plant at all stages of its life.
Why isn't the orchid blooming? How to stimulate it correctly and is it necessary? What are the conditions to create a plant for regular flowering?
The correct answers to these questions will "make" the orchid bloom all year round, to the delight of the flower growers.
When should a culture bloom?
The orchid begins to bloom when it reaches the age of 1.5-3 years. If the age of the plant is unknown, then the presence of 5 to 8 shoots on it means readiness for full flowering.
Flowering at an earlier age can be unfortunate. All the energy of a young plant will be spent on the formation of flowers, and there simply will not be left for recuperation.
There is no specific period for orchids to bloom at home. The duration and frequency depends on the type of plant and its care.
Creating conditions close to natural, will allow you to admire the flowering 2-3 times a year for 6-8 months. The most "long-playing" - Phalaenopsis are able to bloom all year round with short rest breaks.
Why doesn't she pick up buds for more than a year or even 2?
The orchid does not bloom for many reasons:
- Too young age.
- Consequences of transportation from the store. Changing the place for an orchid is stress, after which it needs time to adapt to a new place.
- Improper lighting (lack or excess) and insufficient daylight hours.
- Excess moisture, which caused root decay, and, on the contrary, a lack of moisture.
- The appearance of pests, in particular, spider mites.
- Constant movement of the container with the plant.
- Insufficient air humidity.
- Too comfortable conditions.
Do I need to artificially stimulate to achieve flowering?
It is possible to stimulate an orchid for re-flowering if the plant is adult, healthy and rested. This is often done in flower shops to increase sales, since any type of orchid has flowers of extraordinary beauty.
For the first time
If the plant is already adult, but flowering has never occurred, then stimulation can also be performed.
Weakened, transplanted, after illness or moving, young orchids cannot be stimulated to re-bloom. This can lead to the death of the plant. The orchid needs rest to gain green mass and develop the root system.
What rules must be followed?
- Keep the container with the plant immobile. Many indoor plant lovers regularly rotate the pot on its axis to illuminate the plant from all directions. It is not recommended to perform such manipulations with an orchid. If for some reason you have to move the flower to another place, then you need to install it with the same side to the light as before.
- Provide 12-14 hours of daylight hours. If there is a lack of natural light, it is imperative to use artificial (phyto-, fluorescent lamps).
Important! The orchid loves a lot of light, but cannot stand direct sunlight. Therefore, natural and artificial lighting should be diffused.
- Correct and timely watering. The water temperature for watering orchids depends on the type of plant. But in any case, it should not be lower than room temperature. Cold water is contraindicated for the entire orchid family. You need to water the flower as the soil dries.
An excess of moisture will lead to decay of the root system, and a lack of moisture will lead to drying of peduncles and dropping of buds. The optimal period between watering is 10-14 days, but it is better to monitor the state of the substrate and root system. A change in the color of the roots from green to gray serves as a signal that the plant needs to be watered.
Water is used only clean (filtered, settled or melted). You only need to water the soil. Do not pour water on the plant itself, especially on the place where the leaves grow. The roots should not be in the water. The water from the sump must be drained immediately.
- Air humidity must be at least 60%. To humidify the air, you can put a container of water next to the flower. Spraying will also create the required moisture level. It is necessary to spray water using the smallest nozzle, direct it to the ground and air around the plant. Do not allow water to enter the outlet at the base of the leaves.
- A transparent container is needed, since the roots of the plant are also involved in the process of photosynthesis. In addition, the transparent pot allows you to monitor the condition of the root system and substrate. The bottom of the container should have many holes.
9 blooming rules all year round
- Maintain flowering lighting. Daylight hours for an orchid lasts at least 12 hours.
- Peace. The plant does not like even minor movements from place to place. It is necessary to select a place for him in advance not to touch him in the future.
- Compliance with the temperature regime. For flowering, the difference between day and night temperatures is useful. The best option is 20-24 ° during the day, 16-17 ° at night.
- Correct watering.
- Air humidity.
- Fertilizer. You need to feed the plant while it grows foliage, that is, in the period between flowering. Root feeding is not carried out during the flowering period.
- Healthy roots. To monitor their condition, the plant must be planted in a transparent pot.
- Age suitable for flowering.
- A little stress.
What should be done in case of different problems?
Does not pick up buds for a long time and does not grow
If the orchid “froze” in one state, does not grow and does not bloom, then it is taken care of incorrectly. This may be due to too little or too much watering.
In the first case, the roots of the plant begin to rot. If this is detected in time, then the plant can be saved. It is necessary to transplant it into another container.
When transplanting, rotten roots are cut off, and the remaining ones are treated with activated carbon.
You need to transplant the orchid into a new substrate specially designed for this plant.
Releases only roots and leaves
If the orchid does not want to bloom, but at the same time actively grows the root system and green mass, this means that it is in too comfortable conditions. In this case the plant needs light stress to make it bloom.
You can use the difference in daily temperature. The permissible difference between day and night temperatures must be between 4 ° and 8 °. In spring, summer and early autumn, you can take the plant out to the balcony overnight, and return it to the warmth during the day.
If it is cold outside, regular ventilation of the room will help to ensure the temperature difference. In this case, the plant must be protected from drafts.
There are several more options for stressful situations. They can be created using a specific method of watering or lighting. These methods are described below.
How to make it bloom for sure?
How to speed up the process with watering?
Watering can become a flowering stimulator, which needs to be regulated in several ways:
- Simulate drought. The plant is kept for 4-7 days in a dry room at an air temperature of 30 ° and is watered twice less often than usual until the roots are completely dry.
- Tropical downpour. The plant is watered from the shower for 4-5 consecutive days. The water temperature for this procedure is 35 °. Then wait for the roots to dry and return to normal watering.
- A contrast shower is used as a last resort when other methods do not work. The alternation of cold and warm water is stressful for the plant and promotes the formation of flower stalks. The water temperature should not be higher than 35 °, otherwise the leaves may get burned.
Change in the length of daylight hours
Place the plant in a dark room for 7-10 days. If there is no such room, then you can put the orchid in the closet. Some time after the "conclusion", in most cases, a peduncle appears on the plant. After that, it is necessary to provide the orchid with 12-14 hours of daylight hours.
The flowering period alternates with rest. After the faded buds have fallen off, old flower stalks begin to dry out. After complete drying, they must be cut off in order to allow new ones to appear.
Providing proper orchid care is essential throughout the year and at different stages of plant development. This will create comfortable conditions for him and become an incentive for more frequent and longer flowering.
Video about why the orchid does not bloom and how to stimulate it for a set of buds: