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The greenhouse belongs to industrial buildings and is necessary for growing heat-loving fruits, vegetables and other plants.
The structure protects the cultivated crop from the adverse effects of the environment.
Types of greenhouses
The outer cover is usually made of polycarbonate, glass, or plastic wrap. These are the most suitable materials for building a greenhouse.
Today, polycarbonate is one of the most popular greenhouse coating materials.
Polycarbonate is a very light material, so you can build a greenhouse yourself.
High strength. The material is about 200 times stronger than glass.
Polycarbonate provides good protection against frost, heavy rain and gusty winds.
Long service life. Manufacturers claim that the material will last at least 10 years.
During the entire operational period, polycarbonate will not lose its transparency if you wipe it regularly. This means that the plants will receive a sufficient amount of light.
Relatively high price. Not every gardener can afford it.
Polycarbonate gradually decomposes under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. Therefore, it is advisable to install the greenhouse in shaded areas. With constant exposure to direct sunlight, the strength of the material will begin to decline. It is especially important to take this into account in the southern regions of Russia.
In winter, it is necessary to take care of the greenhouse. The service consists of removing snow from the roof and around the perimeter of the structure.
If the region is snowy, then for the winter it is necessary to install props inside the greenhouse.... To do this, you can use wooden beams, which are placed at a distance of 1-1.5 meters. The ends should rest against the top frames and the floor.
Rules that will extend the life of a polycarbonate greenhouse:
- When removing snow from the roof, use only a broom or soft brush to protect the material from scratches and other damage.
- The door and vents can be left open in winter. This will destroy the parasites in the ground.
- If ice has formed on the walls and roof, it is not necessary to scrape it off, as this can damage the coating.
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The plastic wrap makes it easy and inexpensive to cover the greenhouse.
Very easy installation of the material on the frame of the structure.
The film transmits ultraviolet rays in sufficient quantity, which are necessary for the normal development of plants.
Provides protection of seedlings from the cold.
Plastic wrap protects plants from cold only down to -5 degrees. With greater frost, plants may die.
The material may not withstand heavy rain, hail or squall winds. This will lead to the destruction of the crop.
When using greenhouse film, it must be regularly looked after to remove dust and other contaminants. To do this, wipe the material with a damp cloth or sponge.
If a reinforced film is used, then it may not be removed from the frame for the winter. Since this material is resistant to surface stress.
Regular film must be removed for the winter.
A do-it-yourself domed greenhouse is a suitable solution for lovers of original ideas
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Before the advent of polycarbonate, glass was most commonly used to cover greenhouses.
Excellent light transmission.
Protects plantings from bad weather.
Keeps warm enough.
Difficult installation. The glass is difficult to attach to the frame. It may burst during installation.
During severe hail or hurricane, glass can break, damaging plantings.
The material is quite heavy, so you need to build a strong frame for it that can withstand such a load.
Basic tips for caring for your glass greenhouse:
- In winter, it is necessary to remove snow from the roof so that the glass does not crack and the frame does not deform. This can be done using a car scraper or a soft brush.
- If the glass breaks, then it is necessary to replace it as quickly as possible so that the cold and draft do not damage the plants.
- It is necessary to monitor the health of the drainage systems. To do this, they are regularly cleaned of accumulated debris and leaves.
It is also worth wiping the glass, otherwise the structure will begin to lose its attractiveness. Also, because of this, the plants will not have enough sunlight. The coating is treated with detergent inside and outside. A long-handled mop can be used to clean the roof.
Questions From Readers
Do I need to disassemble the greenhouse from the film for the winter?
What is the best way to remove snow from a polycarbonate greenhouse?