Everyone's favorite decorative leafy begonia: description with photo, planting, growing at home and disease

 Everyone's favorite decorative leafy begonia: description with photo, planting, growing at home and disease

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Decorative leafy representatives of begonias are able to create a feeling of comfort in the room. They stand out for the special beauty of their variegated leaves. Due to the variety of their shapes and sizes, it is possible to collect whole collections of this type of begonias, which will perfectly decorate a florist's room and will undoubtedly surprise all his guests. This article will tell you which groups are divided into decorative deciduous begonias, what characteristics certain species have, how and where to plant a plant, what watering, lighting and soil will be required, how to care at home and what pests and diseases can threaten begonias ...

Division into groups

There are different conditional options for dividing this flower into groups - mainly species are divided according to the method of propagation of varieties or according to decorative characteristics... Some experts prefer to divide this type of plants, starting from the methods of their use and biological characteristics: decorative deciduous and beautifully flowering.

There are also those who take the character of the underground part as the basis for division:

  • rhizome - decorative deciduous;
  • bushy - with a superficial root system;
  • tuberous.

In recent years 4 groups of begonias are distinguished, depending on how they grow and the morphological characteristics of their shoots:

  • with erect bamboo-like shoots;
  • with thick processes lying or adjacent to the ground;
  • with thin drooping and creeping shoots;
  • hybrid with abundant bright colors.

According to the method of using begonias in home floriculture, there is another special classification.:

  • indoor decorative deciduous;
  • potted decorative flowering;
  • indoor decorative flowering.

Decorative non-flowering deciduous species - names and characteristics

It is for the peculiar and extraordinary color of the leaf plates that flower growers value decorative leafy begonia. Although they have flowers, they are mostly small. There are two groups of this genus of plants: diadem begonias and royal begonias (read how to care for royal begonias here).

The royal begonia, which was brought from India 100 years ago, includes many varieties... It is characterized by a fleshy short stem and asymmetrical large leaves up to 25 cm long, on which there are spots:

  • lilac;
  • pink;
  • silvery.

Reference! Different varieties of begonias have a diadem with cut leaves and different sizes, similar to maple ones.

Plant photos

Here you can see a photo of a decorative (deciduous or non-flowering) begonia:

Where and how to plant it?

Florists plant decorative leafy begonias not to admire the flowers, but because of their bright green foliage. It can be planted in open ground if it is possible to organize the appropriate conditions. The plant is planted exclusively in warm weather, and as soon as the cold snap begins, it must be dug up and transplanted into a pot. From it, begonia is planted into open ground by transshipment. It is necessary that the earth adhering to the roots of the plant remains on them.

Florists advise against rooting deep into the ground... From above it is necessary to pour fertile soil and shed well. The penetration level must be left the same. The root collar should be in fresh air. It will take several days for begonias to get used to new conditions, during which they need to create shade.

Lighting and location

Ornamental deciduous varieties of begonias, like its other species, do not tolerate too high and low temperatures. In summer, the permissible temperature for plant growth and development is +25 ° С, in winter it is not more than -18 ° С. This flower prefers lighted places and it is recommended to place it where the sun is for a long time. Direct rays should not be allowed, the plant needs diffused light.

Bright sunlight causes burns, leaves become pale, and the amount of green pigment increases. In the summer, she needs to create a shade, and when it is very hot, then remove it from the windowsill, put it in another bright room.

Important! The lack of lighting has a bad effect on the growth, development and variegation of foliage. Ornamental deciduous begonias do not like if they sharply change their location. But for uniform growth of foliage, it is advisable to slowly rotate the flower in relation to the light.

Soil requirements

Begonias grow well in slightly acidic soil or closer to neutral, fertile and loose. To do this, you need to take a previously disinfected leafy earth and humus, add sand there. To make the composition of the soil better, it is advised to add vermiculite or perlite.

How to grow: home care for leafy varieties

There are a few rules to remember. More attractive begonia will look if the bush is made lush... This will help pinching the shoots of a young plant that grow to the center of the pot. Without losing its compactness, the flower will become more voluminous.

When transplanting it, you need to try to deepen the roots more, as a result, the appearance of the begonias will be much more attractive.

Water the plant preferably with soft water... Water should not be allowed to stagnate in the soil, so the roots can rot and the flower will die. However, the earthen lump should not dry out. Water should be abundant during the hot summer months, and moderately in the fall. Watering time is determined by the state of the topsoil. If it has dried out by 1-2 cm, then it needs to be watered.

Decorative leaf begonia prefers moist air, which can be created by placing containers of water next to the plant. When they evaporate, the air humidity will increase. The flower needs fresh air. During active growth, the plant must be regularly fertilized with nitrogenous fertilizers.

They work great on leaves that become:

  • larger;
  • fleshy;
  • livelier.

By the end of summer, the amount of dressings should be reduced.... In winter, begonias require a special approach. The plant has a dormant period, watering should be reduced. In winter, the light becomes less, so it is advisable to put the plant closer to the window or arrange artificial lighting. Care must be taken so that cold air does not get on the flower, as well as air from heating devices.

Common diseases and pests

  1. A common disease of leafy begonia is powdery mildew, which is caused by a fungus. It is expressed in the appearance of a white powdery bloom on the stems and leaves of the flower. Sick leaves begin:
    • curl up;
    • deform;
    • dry up.

    Flowers on a diseased begonia do not bloom. Powdery mildew manifests itself in winter and autumn, when there is high humidity in the room and condensation accumulates on the plant.

  2. Another fungal disease that often affects this flower is gray rot. Suffering from it:
    • branches;
    • flowers;
    • shoots.

    Gray rot leads to the death of leaves and stems.

  3. Insect pests pose a great danger to begonias:
    • aphid;
    • nematode;
    • spider mite.

Breeding features

  1. Domestic begonias reproduce easily. To do this, you need to take a small 5-centimeter stalk, put it in a glass. This is best done in the spring. After the roots appear on it, the cutting should be planted in a plastic cup or small pot. You cannot immediately plant in a large flowerpot, since the soil in it will dry out for a long time, during which time the young seedling may die.
  2. Often a leaf is taken instead of a cutting for propagation. You need to cut it off with a sharp knife, make the leg shorter, its length should be no more than 2 cm. The sheet should be dried for 30 minutes and planted in a small flat container. Deepen so that it lies on the ground. Place in a bright room with a temperature of at least 20 ° C and constant humidity. Care must be taken that the soil is not wet. A month later, sprouts will appear on the leg, the leaf will die off and the bush will begin to grow.
  3. Another way of propagation of decorative deciduous begonia is to divide the bush. This is done in the spring when replanting the flower. It is carefully taken out of the pot and carefully divided into parts, which are immediately planted in a permanent place.
  4. You can try to propagate in parts of a leaf plate, cutting it in such a way that a central vein is present on each piece. These parts must be laid on loose soil, pressed against it, and covered with a jar on top.

We suggest you watch a video on how to propagate deciduous begonia by cuttings:

Decorative foliage begonias look great both one by one and in composition with other varieties or flowers. Scientists have found that substances secreted by this plant fight against dangerous bacteria that are near it. Therefore, having in your apartment this houseplant - a deciduous begonia, you can not only decorate the interior of the house, but also benefit the room in which it is located.

We invite you to watch a video about caring for deciduous begonia:

Watch the video: BEGONIA PLANT CARE, How to Grow and Propagate Begonia Cuttings - Garden Tips in English (August 2022).