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Margelanskaya radish: what is it and how to grow, care for a root crop in order to get the maximum benefit?

 Margelanskaya radish: what is it and how to grow, care for a root crop in order to get the maximum benefit?



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Chinese radish is an irreplaceable and healthy vegetable. It is eaten fresh, pickled, salted, boiled, stewed. They are used for preparing first and second courses, salads, cold snacks and sandwiches. And it is also used for medicinal and prophylactic purposes!

After reading this article, you will find out what a Chinese radish is, what is the history of this root vegetable, what is its chemical composition, what effect should be hoped for when using daikon radish, what are the most popular and delicious plant varieties, as well as how and when to sow correctly. weed, water, fertilize and spud the radish to get the maximum yield, as well as how to store it and save it from pests.

What is Chinese Loba?

Definition

Margelanskaya loba is a one-year or two-year-old rapidly growing root vegetable, it belongs to high-yielding salad radish varieties.

The synonymous name is lobo, Chinese radish, green radish.

Appearance and photos

The root crop can be round, oblong, cylindrical... The root crop is most often dark green, there are sub-varieties of white, red, purple color. The tip is white. It grows in length up to 10 m - 15 cm, the diameter of the root crop is up to 8 cm. The skin is smooth. The pulp is juicy, light green or white.

The variety is well stored in winter, retaining its useful properties.

Root weight - up to 300 - 400 g.

Below you can see the photo of the Margelan (Chinese) Loboy:





Botanical description

Margelan lobo (lobo) is a dicotyledonous plant, belongs to the sowing varieties of radish (Raphanus sativus) of the Cabbage family (Brassicaceae).

Mid-season variety... The ripening period of the crop is up to 2 - 3 months.

Biological features

  • Fast ripening is the main feature of this variety.

    Important! In one summer, it can give two crops in one garden.

  • Margelan forehead is resistant to low temperature conditions and can be planted in early May.
  • Differs in special taste, close to radish. The pulp is juicy, crispy, slightly sharp in taste.
  • The plant has medicinal properties.

How does it grow?

Grown in Japan, China, Uzbekistan, the Far East and Siberia.

The variety is unpretentious, it can grow even on weighted loamy soils.... The best harvest can be achieved on fertile soil fertilized with organic fertilizing.

You can sow Margelansky forehead after legumes, winter crops, early potatoes, cucumbers and tomatoes.

Brief history of origin and origin

China is considered the birthplace of Margelan loba, the variety is widespread in Asia. In 1985 the plant was classified as a sowing radish species. More than 20 varieties have been registered, one of the most common is the Margelan radish variety.

Chemical composition

Contains minerals:

  • Sodium.
  • Potassium.
  • Magnesium.
  • Iron.
  • Phosphorus.

Nutrients:

  • Cellulose.
  • Pectin.
  • Carbohydrates.
  • Vitamins C, B, PP.

Important! The composition contains a small amount of rare oil, the variety does not have a bitter taste.

Benefit

Margelan radish is a low-calorie product, it is recommended to eat for weight loss. Nutrients - the absorbents contained in the plant are removed from the body:

  1. Excess fluid.
  2. Toxins.
  3. Heavy metal salts.
  4. Radionuclides.

The plant contains many substances that contribute to the formation of edible juices, working as an absorbent.

Has a gentle effect on the digestive system, can be eaten with diseases of the heart and liver.

It is recommended to eat it to replenish the spring deficiency of vitamins in the body.

We suggest you watch a video about the benefits of daikon radish:

Harm

Important! It is not recommended to consume Margelan radish for pregnant women. The juice contains essential oils that increase the tone of the uterus.

Root vegetables should not be eaten raw when:

  1. Acute gastritis.
  2. Stomach ulcer.
  3. Blockage of the biliary tract.

Treatment

  • Young leaves and shoots are used for making salads, cold soups, cabbage soup. It helps to strengthen the immune system, improve metabolism, lower blood cholesterol. Root "tops" are used to prevent constipation.
  • Root juice is used for colds, removes phlegm from the bronchi. Juice is used to treat diseases of the urinary and gall bladder.
  • For the prevention of fatty degeneration of the liver, it is recommended to consume raw root vegetables.
  • It has an antiseptic and analgesic effect - crushed root vegetables are used externally as lotions.
  • Root juice cleanses the liver and kidneys, dissolves stones, removes sand from the kidneys.

You will find more information about the chemical composition, benefits, dangers and medicinal uses of Margelan radish in this article.

Varieties and types

VarietyCharacteristic
Chinese ladyA hybrid mid-season variety of Chinese radish. The root crop is round, red. The pulp is delicate in taste. It is consumed fresh.
NiceEarly ripening variety. The root crop is elongated, conical, medium size, up to 150 gr. The pulp is juicy. It is used in summer, the variety is not stored.
HostessMid-season variety, ripens up to 2 months. Medium-sized root crop, weight - 120 gr. The pulp is juicy, pale white.
GlowHybrid variety, ripens quickly, within 1.5 - 2 months. The root crop is cylindrical, dark pink in color. The pulp is white, juicy, sweetish in taste.
SeveryankaEarly variety. The root crop is rounded or slightly elongated, raspberry-pink in color. The variety is suitable for winter storage.

Another interesting hybrid variety of Chinese radish, Elephant Fang, we examined here.

Landing

Sowing time

The variety is sown in 2 terms:

  • For summer use - the seeds are sown at the end of April.
  • For winter storage - in the first decade of July.

Attention! Failure to comply with the sowing time leads to the formation of inflorescences, cracking of the fruit.

Sowing procedure

  1. Seeds are sown on a moistened bed 1 - 1.2 m wide in 4 rows.
  2. The distance between the rows is 30 - 40 cm.
  3. Seeds are distributed in nests (2 - 3 pcs.), Deepened by 1.5 - 2 cm.
  4. The sowing is moistened, the temperature of the content is 15-18 ° C.
  5. After 7 days, the seedlings are thinned out (a strong seedling is left in the nest).

To accelerate the germination of seeds, the sowing is covered with a film until germination appears.

Outdoor cultivation and care

Weeding

The variety does not tolerate the neighborhood with garden weeds, the roots become smaller, the leaves begin to wither. Regular weeding of weeds is necessary. You should pick off yellow leaves that have fallen to the soil to prevent pathogens and garden pests. Healthy leaves are also cut off for full access of light to the root crop.

Watering

Chinese radish loves moisture, watering should be abundant, regular, especially during the formation and growth of root crops. In dry weather, the plant is watered every other day, at the root.
Loosening

Before growing a radish, you should definitely dig deep into the area for looseness and lightness of the soil.

Later, the soil should be loosened regularly.shallow so as not to damage the roots.

Fertilizer

  1. Before planting, it is necessary to feed the soil - compost and humus are introduced during digging (8 - 10 liters per 1 sq. M.). On clay soils, the amount of fertilizer is doubled.

    Important! Fresh manure is not recommended.

  2. Before sowing, you can apply complex mineral fertilizers ("Kemira - lux", "Kemira - universal") containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.
  3. During the season, 1 - 2 dressings are carried out, depending on the fertility of the soil. You can use ready-made mineral complexes ("Aelita - vegetable", "Kemira"), fertilize the plant with wood ash, a weakly concentrated solution of mullein.
  4. For the full ripening of root crops, potash fertilizers are mandatory.

3 - 4 weeks before harvesting, nitrogen fertilization is stopped.

Hilling

The plant should be spilled regularly.so that the tops do not become callous in the open air.

This procedure is to prevent the appearance of slugs and other pests.

Harvesting and storage

Harvest before the first frost.

Early ripening varieties are harvested in dry weather as they ripen, winter varieties are dug out all at once. Harvest in the morning when there is no bright sun.

For storage, the stems and leaves must be torn off by twisting (do not cut!). It is necessary to leave a petiole up to 2 cm long. Root crops are placed in boxes, sprinkled with dry sand. Top of the radish can be sprinkled with mustard to absorb excess moisture.

Only healthy, fully ripened root crops, without scratches or damage, are suitable for wintering.

The crop is stored in a dark basement at an air temperature of - 0 + 2 ° C... Optimum air humidity for long-term storage is 80 - 90%.

Diseases and pests

  • Due to the lack of moisture in the soil, the roots become coarse and lose their juiciness.
  • From an excess of fertilizers and moisture, the fruits crack.
  • Slugs and cabbage beetles infect the leaves. It is necessary to spray with a solution of confidor or actellik.
  • Treating the soil and leaves with a solution of liquid soap and actara (1: 1) will help get rid of aphids and wavy fleas. Spraying must be repeated after 10 - 14 days.
  • For the prevention of diseases, when the first shoots appear, sprinkle the bed with ash, tobacco dust, pour wormwood infusion.

How to give Loba to children?

Loba is a healthy vegetable for children, gently affecting the child's stomach... Doctors - nutritionists recommend to teach a child to Chinese radish gradually, starting from the age of 5. In its raw form, it is better to add it to a salad with carrots and apples (vegetables are grated).

Green radish juice diluted with boiled water can be given to children from 3 years of age to prevent influenza.

It is not recommended to consume raw Margelan radish for children suffering from allergies, heart disease, kidney disease, and frequent intestinal disorders.

Stewed and steamed, the vegetable does not irritate the stomach, it can be introduced into the diet from 2 years of age in small portions.

Margelan radish is a natural antibiotic. It is recommended to make warming compresses from the pulp pulp for colds and viral diseases (whooping cough, runny nose, cough).

Important! Compresses are given to children over 3 years old.

Easy care, unpretentiousness, high yield and long-term storage of Margelan radish allows you to diversify your diet and stock up on the necessary vitamins from autumn to late spring.

We invite you to watch a video about the cultivation of Chinese radish:


Watch the video: Growing Radishes from Sowing to Harvest (August 2022).