Sorrel is a plant that is not afraid of the cold, it grows in the beds very first. It contains many minerals and vitamins, as well as a variety of acids, thanks to which its taste gives off pleasant sour notes.
It is often used in a wide variety of culinary dishes, sauces and preserves. The people call sorrel "meadow apple". Consider in the article how to grow a good harvest of sorrel in your country house or at home, how many years it has been growing in one place in the open field, and other nuances.
The best varieties for cultivation in the open field
This is an ornamental variety, but despite this, it is actively used in cooking. The sorrel of this variety has burgundy specks on the leaf and patterns on a green leaf.
It ripens in 45-50 days. The length of the leaves grows about 15 cm, up to 10 cm wide.
An early popular cultivar, earned its name due to its large leaf size. Leaf length can grow over 20 cm... You can eat it after 30 - 45 days. The leaves are colored in a delicate light green color. The variety survives both cold winters and frosts well.
This variety has an average ripening period and can be harvested in 40-50 days. The sheet is up to 8 cm wide.
Sorrel grows well in any soil, but places with constant humidity are not suitable for the growth of this variety.
We offer you to watch a video about broadleaf sorrel:
Sorrel variety - medium early, which ripens in 40 days. The leaves are large and have small bubbles. The sorrel has a dark green color.
This variety is resistant to all kinds of diseases and cold, which is a big plus.
It grows well when the temperature reaches 16-23 degrees, the seeds germinate at a temperature of 0-3 degrees, so it is good to plant it in different climatic conditions.
Victoria is a late variety, but due to the fact that the plant of this variety does not release arrows, he is very much appreciated. The leaves have a dark green color.
A variety of perennial sorrel. Ready to use in 40 days. The leaves are elongated, oval, beautiful, green, juicy in color. Due to the fact that the foliage is quite large, the yield is always high, 7 - 8 kg from one, even a small garden bed.
We offer you to watch a video about Champion sorrel:
The variety is mid-season, can be consumed 45-55 days after sowing seeds into the ground. It has a rich green color and rich yields. It can give 7-8 kg of yield from one square meter.
When is the best time to sow?
Sorrel can be planted at three optimal times. These are: early spring, summer and late autumn.
- In the spring it is planted in open ground immediately after the soil can be dug up, but it is desirable that the soil is planted in the ground and watered, covered with some kind of covering material. You will try the harvest this year.
- In summer sowing is done after harvesting early vegetables, this is in June - July. In this case, you will try sorrel in the early spring of next year.
- In autumn sowing takes place at the end of October - beginning of November so that the planted seeds do not grow before the onset of constant frosts. The crop, in this case, will grow next year in spring, but a little later than when planted in summer.
It is advisable to plant sorrel in light soil., for example, in sandy loam or loamy. It is good to grow sorrel on peat soil. Sorrel loves lighted spots, but not all day, so it is better to choose places with partial shade. It is good to place sorrel in partial shade near the fence or behind the house.
We suggest watching a video on where to plant sorrel:
What is next to the garden?
It is very good to sow sorrel between berry bushes, gooseberries and black currants. The bushes only benefit from such a neighborhood: the berries grow with a more pleasant taste, the foliage becomes healthier. Sorrel gets along well with strawberries and raspberries. Some vegetables also like to grow next to sorrel. It can be planted next to carrots, cabbage, or radishes. Sorrel, mint or lemon balm grow remarkably side by side in the garden.
The predecessors of sorrel in the open field can be:
And also crops ripening early:
- early potatoes;
- early white cabbage or cauliflower;
After harvesting them, you can sow sorrel.
Cultivation techniques and methods of reproduction
They are planted in rows at a distance of about 20 cm from each other in moistened furrows. Seeds can be soaked before sowing to accelerate growth.
If you plant dry seeds, shoots appear in two weeks.... And if you cover the bed with covering material, then after 5-6 days.
After the seedlings have three to four leaves, they will need to be defused. The distance between the plants should be about 10 cm.
If desired, to get an earlier harvest, you can plant seeds indoors for seedlings. You need to start planting in early spring, at the beginning of March. You need to grow in a pot with drainage holes, at least 15 cm deep. You need to plant seeds to a depth of no more than 1.5 centimeters, with a distance of 5-8 cm from each other. Then pour abundantly.
In order for the seeds to sprout better, after planting, you can cover the pots with cling film, making holes in it for air circulation. It is imperative to open them every day for a while, so that the soil breathes and does not become covered with bloom, which can lead to the death of seedlings.
When to wait for shoots?
Seeds, sown directly from the bag, will sprout only after two weeks. And if you pre-soak them for three days, then the sprouts will hatch in 5 - 6 days.
How to take care of it properly?
Sorrel loves water... During growth, sorrel needs to be watered abundantly.
- Watering is best in the morning, at the root. Watering the plant in the late afternoon or evening will increase the chances of mold growth.
- After the shoots have appeared, it is necessary to carefully loosen the soil around the plants.
- You can feed it with any complex fertilizer, after the first shoots appeared, but no more than once every two weeks.
How and when to transplant to a permanent place?
You can start transplanting seedlings at a time when the soil in the garden has warmed up and the danger of cold weather has passed.
For this you need:
- Pour potting soil over the pot.
- Carefully remove the sorrel together with the earthy clod, taking care not to damage the roots.
- Plant in a previously prepared place on the site in pre-watered holes, not too deep so that the plant does not sink into the ground, the distance between the seedlings is 10-15 cm.
- After the seedlings are planted, water gently between the rows.
You need to plant in cloudy weather or in the evening, the first days planted seedlings need to be shadedso that the sun does not scorch unusual plants.
How to propagate by dividing the bush?
To obtain greenery, use the rhizomes of a 2-3 year old plant with a large number of buds. The bush must be healthy, without traces of insect pests living in it.
- We cut the existing root into pieces, but so that each plot has 2-3 buds and the same number of roots.
- Long roots are trimmed so that they do not bend during planting.
- You need to plant in well-moistened soil.
Transplant and division time - autumn, end of September... The planting depth is the same at which the sorrel grew in the previous place, approximately 16 - 17 cm in depth, every 10 - 15 cm.
Is it possible to breed a culture at home?
Sorrel can be grown at home on windowsills. It is best to grow a northwest or north window. Crockery for plants should have drainage holes and have a depth of at least 20 cm for comfortable growth of the root system. The depth of the grooves for planting should be 0.5-1 cm.A distance of 6-7 cm should be made between the rows.
The soil mixture can be bought in a specialized store, or you can dig up in the forest or in the country. The land dug by ourselves must be thermally processed, spill with boiling water or bake in the oven for 20 - 30 minutes. This is done to destroy pests and pathogenic bacteria living in the soil.
After the plants have emerged, they need to be thinned out, leaving a distance of 5 - 10 cm between them.
Homemade sorrel should be watered regularly, making sure that there is always moist soil in the box. Feed the sorrel with any compound fertilizer twice a month.
The most successful varieties for an apartment are the Altai, Maikop, and broad-leaved Odessa sorrel varieties.
How fast does it yield?
You can eat sorrel after about 45 days. after the shoots have appeared. Sorrel fully ripens in 2 months from the time of planting seeds in the ground. If you sow sorrel in the spring, you can harvest in early summer. However, if you sow it earlier, in the fall for example, it will grow right after the snow melts.
It is best to harvest sorrel early in the morning, only at this time the leaves are most juicy.
How many years can you grow in one place?
Sorrel grows well in one place only 3 - 4 years then the harvest deteriorates. In the future, the leaves become small, coarse, the content of oxalic acid rises in them, this has a bad effect on their taste. This is due to the fact that the soil is depleted, because it grows in it and the same culture that feeds on the same microelements.
Diseases and pests
- Powdery downy mildew - spots with a gray bloom appear on the back of the leaves. You can defeat the disease by spraying the leaves with Bordeaux liquid. Can be treated with Fitosporin.
- Powdery rust - with this disease, small yellow-brown spots with dark spores appear on sorrel. Can be sprayed with such products as: Fitosporin, Plangiz, Copper sulfate.
- Sorrel aphid - sucks juice from the plant. This insect is from 2 to 3 mm in size, black with a shiny, black coating. If the crop has already risen, you need to scatter tobacco ash around and on the bushes. And also water the bushes with steep onion peel infusion. In the fall, after cutting, pour with an infusion of herbs that have a bitter taste and strong smell.
Aphids are afraid of dusting the leaves with ash.
- Sorrel sawfly or scoop... The butterfly is 2 to 3 cm in size. The caterpillar of the scoop grows up to 5 cm, maybe even more. The color, like butterflies and caterpillars, can be gray, green, or brown. You can fight them by luring the scoop - butterflies to bait - traps (malt, honey). You can harvest caterpillars directly from the leaves. You can fight eggs by sprinkling dry wood ash on the leaves.
It is necessary to weed the weeds in the earliest stages of their growth, as well as to loosen the soil. It also helps in combating sorrel diseases and pests.
In this article, we have learned how to grow and care for sorrel all year round. After all, it can be grown not only in the garden, but also on our windowsills in winter. Sorrel is a rather unpretentious plant and it is not difficult to grow it., but he also needs care and attention.
We offer you to watch a video about sorrel, its use, planting and growing: