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To grow a juicy orange root vegetable - how to water carrots outdoors?

 To grow a juicy orange root vegetable - how to water carrots outdoors?


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To get a harvest of juicy sweet carrots suitable for long-term storage, special attention should be paid to watering and its competent combination with dressings.

Proper watering should vary depending on the season, soil condition, and the growing period of the root crop. From the article, you will learn not only about the importance of the correct procedure, but also about the frequency of watering, as well as about the rate of the necessary liquid, and you will find step-by-step instructions for irrigating this root crop.

The Importance of Proper Hydration for a Good Harvest

Carrots do not belong to crops with complex agricultural technology, but it is worth knowing that watering is extremely important for it, since with a lack of moisture, root crops are formed small, tough, with low taste, and with its excess, irreversible decay processes occur.

After each watering, the soil should be loosened between plantings to prevent crust formation.

About how important watering carrots is and how often it needs to be done, it is said in a separate material.

Frequency

  • Watering in the open field is of maximum importance in the post-sowing period, when root crops begin to form.
  • A comfortable level of natural precipitation during the growing season is 400-500 mm.
  • Young sprouts are watered every three days.
  • When the fruit is formed and gaining weight, watering is carried out every 7-10 days.
  • Moisture should be supplied in extremely limited quantities three weeks before harvest. During this period, it is needed only in order not to cause the root crop to dry out.

Norms: how much water do you need in June - July and at other times?

The first thing to know if you want your carrots to grow faster and better is how and how many times a week you should irrigate your beds.

  • Autumn... Autumn watering should be very moderate - no more than 5 liters once a month. Before harvesting, root crops should be completely stopped moistening.
  • Spring... Watering carrot beds after planting the seeds and in the future is as follows. In late April - early May, when most varieties are sown, the soil, as a rule, is still saturated with moisture and watering should be done moderately. Based on 200-300 liters per hundred square meters once a week.
  • Summer... Summer plantings require an irrigation rate of 20-30 liters of water per square meter, so that the soil is saturated to a depth of 20-30 cm.The early stage of fruit formation, in June or July, requires abundant watering so that the soil is saturated to a depth of at least 20 cm. At the same time, it makes no sense to moisten the soil a little, but often, it is better to water it once every 5-7 days, but use at least 20 liters per square meter.

Is it possible to irrigate the beds in the heat and is it necessary in the rain?

  • Heat... In hot weather and sunny days, watering is carried out in the morning or evening hours. If you ignore this condition, carrots can overheat and get sunburn.
  • Rainy weather... In rainy weather, the beds do not need additional moisture. If the weather is cloudy and warm, watering can be carried out throughout the day, if cloudy and cold - during the day.

How to combine with top dressing?

There are several ways to combine watering and feeding:

  1. In the second half of the growing season, when watering carrots, dissolve an infusion of ash in water in a ratio of 1 liter of infusion to 10 liters of water. Or simply sprinkle wood ash on the beds once a week before watering.
  2. During the entire period of vegetable growth, once a month, apply liquid fertilizers from nettle or compost to the soil, adding special preparations for carrots to them.
  3. A month after the emergence of seedlings, add fertilizing from 1 tbsp. nitrophoska dissolved in 10 liters. water. Repeat after two weeks. The third top dressing should be carried out in early August with a solution of potash fertilizer.

Features of watering and care for mulched soil

Mulching the soil removes the issue of loosening, weed control and moisture retention.

Watering should be done infrequently, but abundantly... Furrows formed for mulch should be slightly sloped and covered after watering with grass. If watering is planned after prolonged drying, it is advisable to loosen the soil, it will also be needed before the rain.

Step-by-step instructions on how and what to irrigate carrots

Before sowing

Sowing carrots requires moist soil, if you place the planting material in dry soil, then seedlings will be rare, or they will not appear at all.

  1. In order for the seedlings to be friendly, the soil must be nourished 2 days before planting the seeds. You can use a watering can or a hose with a sprinkler nozzle for this.
  2. It is necessary to form small grooves and shed them well.
  3. A manganese solution can be used to disinfect the soil.
  4. Tamp the grooves and place seeds in them two days later.

After landing, to climb faster

When germinating, the seeds absorb a fairly large amount of moisture. When providing carrots with abundant watering, it is very important not to over-water them, as the seeds can wash out and a crust forms on the soil surface.

For information on when to water carrots after planting, see here.

Before the first shoots

  • Regular watering... The standard irrigation scheme is to keep the land constantly moist. This is achieved by introducing small portions of water until the first leaves appear. In this case, you can use a watering can with a fine nozzle.
  • What can be watered if it has not risen? Normally, seedlings should appear on the 10-15th day, and if spring does not please with high temperatures, then at 25-30. If all the deadlines have passed, and there are still no sprouts, you need to make sure that there is no crust on the soil surface, if there is none and watering was sufficient, it makes sense to water the beds more abundantly for another week.

    If this did not help, then most likely the matter is in poor-quality seeds and you need to loosen the soil and sow other seeds shallowly, but at the same time carefully sprinkle them with earth so that they are not washed away with water and the birds do not damage them. To speed up the germination process, you can insulate the beds with any covering material.

  • To rise faster... You need to take care of the fast shoots of carrots even at the stage of working with the seed. So that the sprouts appear from the ground faster, you need to sow seeds pre-soaked in growth stimulants.

During the period of emergence, thinning and further growth

  • Before decimation... During this period, young carrots need to moisten the upper layers of the soil, not the middle ones. Overflow, use of hard water must not be allowed and a balance must be struck between sufficient moisture input and avoidance of its stagnation.
  • After thinning... Watering should be carried out in 2-3 steps, constantly checking the depth to which moisture has entered, since young shoots can be easily poured. Make sure that the ground is not crusty and gently loosen it after watering or rain.
  • When forming fruits... During this period, watering should be carried out every 7-10 days, while for each square meter of soil there should be 15-20 liters of water. It is necessary to water in such a way that moisture flows to a depth of 10-15 cm, but does not stagnate.
  • After fruit formation... Moistening of the soil during this period should be reduced to a minimum, since excess water will lead to active growth of lateral roots, and a kind of hair will begin to form on the root crop. At the same time, it is also unacceptable to allow the soil to dry out, since the carrots can crack and become overly dense. Watering should still have a specific schedule.

    About three weeks before harvesting, watering should be stopped altogether and the soil slightly moistened just before harvesting. This will make it easier to extract the roots and allow for longer storage.

Common mistakes

Cold water

Experienced gardeners do not doubt what water should be poured on carrots, warm or cold. Warm, of course! Watering with cold water is destructive for a plant.... It begins to ache and rot. If water from a well is used, before watering the beds with it, you need to let it settle and warm up.

The bay

Excessive water intake affects the root crop negatively at any stage of cultivation. Excess moisture can destroy a young plant and cause rotting of already formed carrots. Moreover, if the decay processes have already started, carrots can infect the soil with spores of harmful fungi.

Drought

A cracked bitter carrot root vegetable with numerous lateral shoots is the result of insufficient watering.

Such carrots have low taste and are not suitable for long-term storage., and in general it does not look like itself.

If the drought lasted too long, and immediately at the last moment before harvesting, the vegetable was watered abundantly, it can have a rather bizarre shape and be twisted, as if composed of several small carrots, which looks pretty funny.

High beds

By organizing too high beds, when harvesting, you can get carrots "increased hairiness", dotted with many thread-processes. This effect results from a lack of nutrients. By themselves, high beds are not harmful, but it is important to remember that the soil in them should be evenly fertile.

In order to achieve a good harvest of carrots, it is important to observe proper watering, as well as other rules of care, for example, weeding, which can be done with kerosene.

Observing the simple rules of carrot agricultural technology, even a novice gardener can achieve excellent results when growing it. The formation of a root crop depends on many conditions, but it is difficult not to underestimate the participation of irrigation in this process. The health of the fetus, its taste and keeping quality depend on how competently their regime will be built.

In the video, you will see how to properly water carrots in order to achieve a good harvest:


Watch the video: Growing Carrots in 1 ton bags sown 2017 harvested February 2018 (May 2022).