The delicate velvety petals of orchid flowers delight many indoor plant lovers. However, not everyone manages to achieve regular and long-term flowering.
The article discusses in detail all the necessary conditions for the best orchid plant, the peculiarities of flowering and the problems that the orchid owner encounters most often.
Features of the
Experts note the following features of the flowering of this plant:
- for the first time an orchid blooms after reaching the age of two;
- if the plant is obtained from a baby, you will need to wait until 6 air petals are formed;
- the orchid needs adaptation and a calm state, i.e. it is not worth moving the pot from place to place.
Sometimes the conditions for keeping the orchid are so good that the flower puts all its energy into the development of the leaves and root system. In this case, experienced flower growers recommend scaring the orchid - move the pot to a cooler place or reduce watering to a minimum. This shock stimulates the plant to bloom.
In the photo below you can see what an orchid looks like in bloom:
Even taking into account the above features, the orchid needs to provide the necessary conditions for the flowering process. What is needed?
- The orchid pot must be transparent so that the root system receives enough light for photosynthesis.
- The home flower is in dire need of sunlight. With its lack, the plant simply stops growing and developing. And if in the summer there is enough sun, then in the fall and winter it is necessary to organize additional lighting.
- For the formation of buds, it is required to observe the temperature regime. During the day it is from 20 to 24 degrees, at night - 15-18.
- For abundant and regular flowering, the soil is fertilized with preparations containing phosphorus and potassium. But with nitrogen, it is important not to overdo it - from its excess, flowering will stop and only leaves will develop.
- An excess of moisture will have a bad effect on the formation of new peduncles, so watering should be moderate. In this case, it is carried out after the soil has completely dried.
- Too dry air leads to the death of the peduncle. Optimal rates are 60% or more.
The entire flowering process is divided into several periods:
- Vegetation. The period begins at the moment of the formation of a new sprout. Not only leaves grow, but also the active development of the root system takes place.
- Peace. Peduncle growth and the beginnings of new buds.
- Bloom. Formation of buds and their opening. This period takes a lot of energy from the plant.
- Active vegetation. With proper care, this phase ends with re-flowering.
How long does it last?
There is no general answer to this question, because the flowering period depends on the variety of the crop and the conditions of its maintenance. For example: dendrobium pleases with flowers for 3-4 months, and cattleya blooms for only two. On average, each flower stays on the stem for about 3-4 weeks.
The longest flowering is observed in the Phalaenopsis variety. It lasts about six months. Moreover, this variety is less whimsical to care for and therefore is recommended for beginners in orchid breeding.
Under ideal conditions, the orchid is capable of flowering 2-3 times a year. The dormant period between each color takes several months. The aforementioned phalaenopsis, with sufficient fertilizers, practically does not experience such a need.
Home orchids can bloom at any time of the year. Interestingly, the color lasts the longest in winter.
Is it possible to artificially stimulate the process?
It is not recommended to artificially stimulate a young plant, as this can lead to the death of the orchid. However, if the flower is healthy, there are several simple ways to help the plant bloom:
- Organize the temperature drop. At night, the plant is exposed in a cool place, and in the morning it returns to its native windowsill. If necessary, the procedure is repeated 2-3 times.
- Reduce watering for a short period, and then return to the usual order.
- Use formulations stimulating flowering - "Ovary", "Bud", "Blossom".
Hot showers are sometimes used. The plant is rinsed under streams of hot water (40-45 degrees). 2-3 sets of 10 seconds are carried out. A break of 15-20 minutes is maintained between approaches. Such a procedure invigorates the orchid - in conditions of danger, it seeks to leave offspring and throws out peduncles. However, this technique is considered dangerous and is used in exceptional cases.
How does a plant start to bloom?
The flowering of the plant begins at the moment the buds open. They unfold smoothly and slowly. First, the side and upper petals, and only then the lip and the flower itself open. This process takes about a day. After 2-3 days, you can observe a fully ripe orchid. The first to bloom are the buds that are located closer to the end of the peduncle.
The nuances of plant care before, during and after flowering
It is no secret that the orchid is a capricious plant and requires compliance with all the rules of care:
- Leaving before flowering. During the rest period, before the buds open, it is necessary to carry out regular watering, maintain the temperature regime, apply fertilizers and monitor the amount of light and moisture indicators. If an orchid transplant was carried out, then immediately after that it is watered with boiled water with the addition of magnesium or potassium in order to recharge.
It is best to immerse the container with the orchid in the prepared solution and hold for half an hour. In the future, watering is carried out immediately after the soil has dried.
- During flowering. After opening the buds, the orchid is well moistened by sprinkling the aerial roots with warm water (slightly above room temperature). If there is not enough moisture, the peduncle will dry out and die. The room where the blooming orchid stands is regularly ventilated (avoiding drafts), and the air is humidified.
You can use special equipment or place a bowl of water next to the orchid. As soon as the buds open completely, watering is reduced.
- After flowering. Old peduncles are cut off so that new ones appear. However, the arrows must dry well, otherwise the risk of the orchid getting sick increases. It takes a little time for the plant to recover and re-bloom. Therefore, immediately after flowering, fertilizers are applied so that the plant grows stronger and gains strength for a second color.
If there are no buds
Often gardeners complain that their plant does not bloom (for example, buds do not form or do not bloom). There are a number of common reasons that can affect the onset of flowering in an exotic beauty.
- Rest mode with alternating watering and temperature conditions is not observed (for example, at night the air temperature does not decrease or the decrease is insignificant). In this case, it is necessary to remove the plant overnight in a cooler place or ventilate the room.
- A new bud is not formed if the efficiency of photosynthesis is reduced and the plant lacks energy. Make sure you observe the daily temperature drops and the duration of daylight hours at least 12 hours.
- Abundant watering. The flowering period of the orchid is the time of the dry regime.
- Incorrect selection of fertilizer. Excess nitrogen interferes with peduncle development by stimulating leaf growth. Apply fertilizers containing potassium and magnesium to the soil at this time.
- Lack of light for the roots. Provide a sufficiently clear container for the orchid so that the root system has good access to light.
Can the period be extended?
If it seems to you that the flowering of an exotic beauty is too short, you can try to extend this period. For this, the following methods are used:
- After the buds appear and begin to bloom, do not rearrange or turn the pot. It is important to preserve exactly the conditions under which the orchid bloomed.
- Avoid excess fertilizer. It is best to add them before flowering and immediately after.
- Moisten the tip of the peduncle with a spray bottle.
In order for a home orchid to regularly delight its owner with a beautiful and exuberant color, it is important to provide it with proper care throughout all periods of growth.
Violation of the timing of watering, humidity and temperature indicators, as well as a lack of sunlight can cause the lack of new buds and flowers. Do not expect color from a plant under two years of age or if there are less than 6 aerial leaves on the stem.